Sunday, January 30, 2011


Posted: 30 Jan 2011 08:37 PM PST

Eggplant Flower 011 Eggplant

Eggplant (Solanum melongena, on the island of Java, more commonly known as eggplant) is a fruit-producing plants are used as vegetables. Origin are India and Sri Lanka. Eggplant closely related to potatoes and Leunca, and rather far from the tomatoes.

Eggplant Flower 022 Eggplant

Eggplant is a herb that is often planted annually. This plant grows to 40-150 cm (16-57 inches) tall. The leaves are large, with a coarse lobes. The size is 10-20 cm (4-8 inches) in length and 5-10 cm (2-4 inches) in width. The types of wild half are larger and grow to as high as 225 cm (7 feet), with leaves that exceed 30 cm (12 inches) and 15 centimeters (6 inches) in length. The trunk is usually prickly. The color of the flowers of white to purple, with a crown which has five lobes. Yellow stamens. Fruit contains flour, with a diameter of less than 3 cm for the wild, and even more for the type of planting.

Eggplant Flower 033 Eggplant

In terms of botany, a fruit classed as berries have many small seeds and tender. Seeds can be eaten but it was bitter because it contains nicotine, a tobacco alkaloid that many conceived.

Eggplant Flower 0441 Eggplant


Eggplant is a plant food that is grown for its fruit. The origins of cultivation in the southern and eastern Asia since prehistoric times, but only known in the Western world no earlier than around 1500. The fruit has a variety of colors, especially purple, green, and white. The first written records about eggplant found in Qi min yao shu, an ancient Chinese agricultural work, written in the year 544. The number of Arabic names and North Africa for the eggplant and the lack of Greek and Roman names show that this tree is brought into the Western world through the Mediterranean region by Arab nations in the early Middle Ages. Scientific name, Solanum melongena, derived from the Arabic term of the 16th century to a kind of eggplant plants.

Eggplant Flower 055 Eggplant

Because eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae, eggplant fruit was considered poisonous, as the fruit of several varieties Leunca and potatoes. While the eggplant fruit can be eaten without any ill effects for most people, some other people, eating the fruit of eggplant (similar to eating the fruit-related such as tomatoes, potatoes, and green pepper or pepper) may affect health. Some fruit eggplant slightly bitter and irritating to the stomach and cause gastritis. For this reason, some sources, especially from the natural health, said that the eggplant and related genera can cause or exacerbate arthritis with a subtle and precisely that, should be shunned by those who are sensitive to it.

Eggplant Flower 066 Eggplant

Eggplant Flower 077 Eggplant

WhiteEggplantonMarketStall 088 Eggplant

Coffee Cultivation

Posted: 30 Jan 2011 02:56 AM PST

coffee plant 011 Coffee Cultivation


Coffee Plant is a plant that is very familiar in their yards rural population in tropical countries. If this tremendous potential we can use commodity is not hard to make this a mainstay in the plantation sector. Just need a little technical touch cultivation right, undoubtedly optimistic expectations into reality.


  • To land the mountains / tilt create terraces.
  • Reduce / add a fast growing shade trees approximately 1:4 to 1: 8 of the total coffee crop.
  • Prepare a mature manure as much as 25-50 kg, transmit Natural GLIO, let stand one week and make the planting holes 60 x 60, or 75 x 75 cm with a spacing of 2.5 x2, 5 to 2.75 x 2.75 m at least 2 months before planting

coffee plant 022 Coffee Cultivation

  • Prepare a quality seeds from trees that have been known production of breeder seed is usually reliable.
  • Create a box or bumbunan soil for seeding with a thick layer of sand about 5 cm.
  • Create a shield with a midrib or paranet with a gradual reduction if the seedlings have grown
  • Flush nursery with a routine by looking at soil wetness
  • Seeds will germinate approximately 1 month, select healthy seeds and do the transfer to polybags with hati2 for root does not end at the age of seedlings 2 -3 months after initial seeding
  • Add fertilizer NPK as basal fertilizer (see table) until the age of 12 months
  • Pour SUPERNASA dose of 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water, take 250 ml per tree of the solution
  • After 4 month old seedlings, spray two NASA POC cap per tank once a month until the age of 7-9 months and ready for seed planting

coffee plant 033 Coffee Cultivation
- Enter the manure with the top soil mix when planting seeds.
- Try planting time has entered the rainy season.
- Do watering the soil after planting
- Avoid the risk of death of new crops from livestock disturbance.

Do watering if the ground is dry or dry season


  • Fertilization of NPK is given twice a year, the beginning and end of the rainy season.
  • After fertilization should be watered.

Perform regular pruning after the end of the harvest (cut weight) to adjust the shape of growth, reduce water bud branches (wiwilan), reduce evaporation and aims in order to form flowers, and repair the damaged plants.
Pruning at the beginning or end of the rainy season after fertilization

Coffee will be in production starting at the age of 2.5 years if well cared for and fruits have shown a red color that covers most of the plant, and carried out gradually over the period of fruit maturity.

coffee plant 044 Coffee Cultivation
To be prepared first drying, peeling skin, and also storage of crops from being damaged due to post-harvest pests. Fruit crops must be processed a maximum of 20 hours after picking to get good results.

Cause Damage to Rice Coffee:

  1. Wrinkled seeds: origin of the fruit is still young
  2. Seed cavity: coffee powder attacked
  3. Seeds reddish: Lack of clean wash
  4. Seed rupture: parer less than perfect, coming from an infected fruit powder, when stripping the coffee machine is too dry.
  5. Seeds of rupture followed by color changes: the evaporator and separator machine with seeds less than perfect skin, fermentation in wet processing less than perfect.
  6. Seeds striped: drying is incomplete, too long storage, storage temperature is too moist.
  7. 7. Seed Pale: for too long kept in the humid
  8. 8. Seed-skinned ari: Drying is not perfect or too long, the initial temperature artificial drying is too low.
  9. Seeds black gray: the artificial drying temperature is too high.
  10. Dark brown spots: the artificial drying, the coffee is not often stirred / inverted.

coffee plant 055 Coffee Cultivation

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