Thursday, March 31, 2011

Canary Loss And How To Overcome Stress

Posted: 31 Mar 2011 01:55 PM PDT

1canary 11 Canary Loss And How To Overcome Stress

To overcome the canary so as not to stress it needs to take extra precautions to keep in mind is the stress on the canary not only suffer from the canary kenri male but also female.
The tendency of a bird to be a stress is influenced by many factors. In canaries are several factors that can make the stress is:

  • Environment is too noisy and crowded. This situation is triggered walnuts to stress. Noisy environments such as in the main street, in the middle of construction and development areas and areas with high traffic levels should be avoided.
  • Temperature and weather is not good, for example just too hot or too cold. In this situation usually walnuts would have jammed the sound, less agile even if for too long will cause illness until death.
  • The sound of other birds also trigger stress in walnut. This is evident because some male canaries experience proves that they have stalled due to noise and stress brought near to other birds which are larger and more “fighter”.
  • Adjacent to other animals, such as location of the cage is not good. This allows other animals such as cats, dogs, rats, geckos, etc. can interfere with the comfort of the bird.
  • Canary male lust is too some extent will be faster experiencing stress. Usually the bird will be very hyperactive and uncontrolled.

How to cope with stress canary was to be understood in greater detail. Here are some ways to overcome stress walnuts.

  • Keep out of place / environment that noisy, too hot and too cold. This may apply also if the canary female does not want to lay eggs and do not overfeed their children.
  • Place the cage / cage in a place far away from predators. Usually people put a cage or a cage in a bit high. Keep away from some birds also competent to make your canary into stress. CAUTION: Not all birds can make a canary into stress.
  • If the bird is too lust should be mated.
  • For solutions that female canaries do not want to incubate the eggs and overfeed their children will be discussed in subsequent papers
  • If the canary looks stressed for no reason, it could be a congenital nature. The solution is to cage and dyeing techniques kerodong head walnuts in water for 1 second.

Canary jams can be caused by various factors, such as a result of disease, being moult or stress. For how to cope with walnut jam sound stress are as follows

  • By way of injection. This method is used when the owner of the bird was very frustrated with the state bird and there is no way out anymore.
  • Drying of regular and of good food and healthy. This is important because some walnut jam triggered food is not good and not healthy.
    Techniques to the bird bath or spraying can help freshen the condition of birds.
  • Necessary with other sounds birds. Apparently, this technique could be useful to overcome the jam nuts.
  • Take a multivitamin a stimulant lust. It is capable of stimulating the walnuts for diligent sound and boost stamina.
  • Birds can also dikerodong, this is done so the bird was in a state of calm and more comfortable.

Boston Terrier

Posted: 30 Mar 2011 03:14 PM PDT

Adult Boston Terrier in the park

Big Adult Boston Terrier in the Park

Boston Terrier, one of the native American species, is the result of crossing the English bulldog with a white English terrier. Individual features of the first dogs were used as breeding, partly formed the basis of the modern type.
Approximately in 1870, lived in Boston, Robert Hooper purchased the townsman, William O’Brien of imported dog named Judge, who was destined to become the ancestor of almost all of these modern Boston. This dog, known as Huppah-ting Judge was mestizo – a descendant of the English bulldog and a terrier – and the type resembled a bulldog. It was a handsome, tall male weighing about 14.5 kg of bighead color with a white blaze. He had a square head and almost bite. This male was mated with a bitch, which in the old pedigrees called Jip op Kate. This white bitch owned by Edward Burnett of Southboro, Mass., weighed about 9 kg, was stocky, square format.
Descendant of Judge and Jeeps, Wells FE, was male strong addition and the same chunky, like his mother. He had a dark mottled color with symmetrical white spots and almost bite. Efa tied with Tobins Kate – a relatively small 10-pound female with quite a short head and straight tail. That these dogs were the ancestors of the breed boston terrier

black and white Adult male Boston terrier relaxing on the ground

Adult male Boston Terrier relaxing

In 1889, about thirty dog ??lovers from Boston and its environs have organized a society known as the Club of American Bull Terriers, and exhibited these dogs as “round-headed” or Bull Terriers. Over time, these fans are faced with fierce resistance from the large fans Bull Terriers and Bulldogs, who objected to the same breed name, pointing out that the new breed does not look like their dogs. ACN was also not sure that these dogs when playing preserve their type, so recently emerged. However, fans of the Boston Terrier is optimistic and in 1891 created the American club of the Boston Terrier. Because the dog was born in Boston, they changed the name of the breed to the Boston Terrier. It took two years of persistent effort to Boston has been recognized as a breed in 1893, fans managed to convince the American Kennel Club Record this breed in the stud book, and the club accept the membership of ACE.
Of course, the breed was still in its infancy. Faced a lot of work on standardization and on giving them the same way. However, since 1900 has been considerable progress on the basis of sound selection with kin breeding. The result was a dog with a clean-cut, short head, white-spotted, dark, gentle eyes and body, on the exterior rather like building a terrier than bulldog.
Although the Boston terrier and not a fighter, he is quite able to fend for themselves. It is characterized by a mild temper, has earned him the nickname “the American gentleman among dogs. It is perfect for the role of companion and pet

funny male Boston Terrier posing on the bed for picture

Cute puppy Boston Terrier

Boston terrier. Official Standard
Approved on January 9, 1990

Overall appearance. Boston Terrier – energetic, very smart dog with a smooth coat, short head, compact and perfectly built, with short tail, mottled, dark brown or black color with white markings. The head is proportional to the size of the dog, and an expressive glance shows great ingenuity. Housing rather short, tightly knit, the limbs strong and slender, the tail short. None of the devil does not stand out so as to disturb the harmony of the addition. Dog strong and active, very elegant, with her head held high and a relaxed, graceful posture. A distinctive feature is a uniform combination of color and white spots. In assessing the general form in relation to other items of particular importance are the harmony of composition, color and location of white markings.

Height, weight, proportion, composition. By weight, the dogs are divided into the following classes: less than 6.8 kg, 6.8 – 9 kg, 9 – 11.35 kg. Height at the withers is proportional to the length of the body, which makes the Boston Terrier square format. Dog strong and should not look any easier, nor coarse. Bones and muscles are proportional to the weight and the addition of the dog. Sexual type: Dogs courageous, females lighter build.
Malformations: lung (Chinese “idol”) or gross addition

cute puppy Boston Terrier on red bed

Male Boston Terrier Puppy

Head. The skull is square, flat forehead, no wrinkles, cheeks flat, brow ridges are underlined, the transition from forehead to muzzle well defined. Looking Bright, friendly and intelligent. Eyes wide apart, large, round, dark, straight-set, the outer corner – at the cheeks. Ears small, erect or cropped, set wide and high. Muzzle short, square, broad, deep, without wrinkles, is proportional to the skull. The length of the snout is less than the width or depth, snout length does not exceed 1 / 3 the length of the skull. The skull and muzzle are parallel. Nose black and wide, with distinct furrow between the nostrils. Jaws broad and square, large teeth, incisors of the mandible are on the same line. The bite line or a snack. Lip deep, but not pendulous, with the mouth is closed completely cover the teeth.
Vices: when viewed from the front visible whites of the eyes and third eyelid, narrow or too wide-open nostrils; overly large ears; distortion of the mandible.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: blue eyes or blue patches, “Dudley Nose” (bodily nose) with a closed mouth visible tongue and teeth.

Neck, topline and body. Proportional to the total length of the neck, the addition of the dog. The neck is slightly arched, highly placed, to proudly wear his head smoothly into the withers. The back is short enough that the format of the body is square. Topline straight, slightly sloped croup. Chest deep, fairly broad, the ribs protruding ribs long. Housing is short. The tail is set low, short, slim, tapering, straight. Corkscrew or should not rise above the back line.
Note: it is desirable that the length of the tail does not exceed a quarter of the distance from its base to the hock.
Flaws: sagged or roach back, flat edge, vertically raised tail.

two cute Boston Terriers male and female playing on the bed

Male and female Boston Terrier Puppies

Forequarters. Scapula oblique, which gives finesse movements. Elbows are sent back and located directly under the withers. Limbs parallel. Forearms are straight, strong, pasterns short, strong. Fifth fingers may be removed. The feet are small, round and compact, with no partition and clubfoot. Toes arched, with short nails.
Flaws: loose legs, light skeleton.

Hind limbs. Thighs strong and muscular, obliquely set, not the vessel. Hocks low omitted, with angulated, turning neither in nor out. The feet are small and compact with short nails.
Flaws: direct knee joints.

Movement of the free and smooth, the limbs move in a straight line in perfect rhythm, each step of the visible grace and power.
FAULTS: Movement waddle or “rake” clumsy movements; intersecting movement fore and hind limbs; pacing.

Coat is short, straight, tight, shiny and thin.

Color and markings. Motley, “Fur Seal (dark brown) or black color with white spots.
Spotted is preferable only when all items are flawless.
Note: sealskin coat looks black, but in the sun or in bright light streaked with red.
Markings: white trim around the muzzle, white blaze between the eyes, white chest.
Desirable markings: white trim around the muzzle, smooth white blaze between the eyes and forehead, a white “collar” white “dickey” on his chest, partially or completely white front legs and white hind legs below the hock.
Note: The absence of a dog’s markings are desirable is not a disadvantage. A dog with a predominance of white on the head or body must possess sufficient merit, as opposed to its weaknesses.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: solid black, spotted or sealskin colors without white spots, liver or gray colors

Wednesday, March 30, 2011

Cultivation of Fruit Wine

Posted: 30 Mar 2011 06:33 PM PDT

3a fresh crop of grapes 03 Cultivation of Fruit Wine

Wine is a fruit crop of creeping shrubs belonging to the family Vitaceae. The fruit is usually used to make grape juice, jelly, wine, grape seed oil and raisins, or eaten directly. The fruit is also known because it contains much polyphenol compounds and resveratol an active role in various metabolisms, and be able to prevent the formation of cancer cells and various other diseases. This activity is also associated with the presence of secondary metabolites in grapes that act as an antioxidant compound that can counteract free radicals.

2a fresh crop of grapes 021 Cultivation of Fruit Wine

This plant has been cultivated since 4000 BC in the Middle East. However, processing grapes into wine was discovered in 2500 BC by the Egyptians. Only some time later, this process soon spread to various parts of the world, ranging from the Black Sea region, Spain, Germany, France, and Austria. Spread the fruit is growing rapidly with a trip samakin Columbus who brought this fruit around the world.

Growing conditions

Wine is one of the plants that live in low lying areas. Unlike most other plants, the vines would require a long dry season range from 4-7 months to grow well and light intensity is high enough. Rainfall is needed by this plant is only 800 mm per year. Therefore, excessive watering can disrupt the process of conception. The temperature for maximum growth is 31 degrees Celsius and minimum temperature is 23 degrees centigrade with humidity ranging between 75-80%.

awineries are spacious and cool 01 Cultivation of Fruit Wine

Growing Media

Only some types of soil that can support plant growth with good wine. In general, the land must contain sand and clay in sufficient quantities for plants do not experience excessive transpiration. In addition, land use should be fertile and loose-textured and nutritional intake for there is good air supply. The land must also have a degree of acidity (pH) is neutral, is 7.

Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Ginseng Cultivation

Posted: 29 Mar 2011 07:26 PM PDT

1ginseng root 01 Ginseng Cultivation

Trend ‘back to nature’ in the pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics, food and soft drinks, has spurred increased demand for ginseng. The high demand needs to be balanced with crop cultivation technologies that meet the aspect (Quantity, Quality and Sustainability).


  • Preference will be given in open areas. Loose soil, high organic matter content, good aeration and drainage.
  • Acidity (pH) of soil from 5.5 to 7.2.
  • Rainfall 1000 – 2500 mm / yr.
  • Temperature range 20 º C – 33 º C.
  • Humidity 70% – 90%.
  • Elevation range from 0-1600 asl.


  1. Prepare Natural GLIO (10 packs / ha) mixed with ripe manure (25-50 kg / pack). Store in an open bag for 1-2 weeks.
  2. Sprinkle dolomite / agricultural lime (2-4 tons / ha) on land that is still open at least 2 weeks before planting.
  3. Plow and harrow immediately after dolomite disseminated. Let stand about 1 week.
  4. Make beds stretching east-west direction, wide bed 100-120 cm, 40-60 cm tall. The distance between beds 40-50 cm. Let stand about 1 week.
  5. Create a moat around the area 40-50 cm wide, the depth of 50-60 cm.
  6. After 1 week, create a fertile soil for seedbed surface sufficiently.
  7. Sprinkle the mix Natural GLIO and manure evenly on the soil surface.
  8. Add cooked manure 20-40 tons / ha evenly on the surface of the beds.
  9. Prepare a manure mother liquor (1 bottle / 3 liter of water), stirring until dissolved. Manure doses 5 bottles / ha if the use of manure according to recommended dosage or 10 bottles / ha if it does not use manure. From the mother liquor manure or 3,000 cc 3 liters, taken 200-300 cc mixed with 0.25 kg of NPK compound and then dissolved or diluted in 50 liters of water.
  10. From the 50 liters of the pour on the surface of beds, how to use gembor 10 liters / ± 8 m long beds. Or 200-300 cc / hole.
  11. Sprinkle the mix Natural GLIO and manure evenly on the surface of the beds. Or in each planting hole.

Breeding and agronomy

  • Preference will be given to use seed from stem cuttings.
  • Use healthy parent plants, indicated no signs of pests and diseases, age is not too young and too old, fresh and not wilted, bright color / gloss.
  • Seed the cutting recess / stored in a humid for 2-4 days.
  • Before planting, the base of the seedling is cut tilted ± 45 ° using a knife sharp and clean.
  • Base of seeds soaked 20-30 minutes in a solution of the NASA POC (1-2 ttp) + HORMONIK (0.5 to 1 ttp) + Natural GLIO 1-2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water.
  • Seeds are dried and dipasi ± 1-2 hours.
  • Planting done late afternoon, spacing of 50 x 60 cm or 60 x 70 cm.

The supply of water should not be excessive or flaws. Age 0-21 DAP (days after planting) watered every day to taste. From the age of ± 100 HST watering reduced or terminated.

2ginseng plant 011 Ginseng Cultivation

If necessary, up to 15 HST.

Fertilization aftershocks:
Pour water solution of fertilizer: NPK compound 0.25 kg + 50 liters of water. Give 200-300 cc / planting hole once every 2 weeks until the age of 100 HST.
Spraying fertilizer through the leaves was performed 1 week to 100 days after planting, use 3-5 cap NASA POC + 1-2 HORMONIK lid of the tank 14 or 17 liters.

Watering, turn the soil
Conducted simultaneously every 2 weeks, especially at the age of 14-65 days after planting.


Usually active at night, and need to be aware of its existence. Control by the way are collected and destroyed.

Many types of worm that attacks on ginseng mainly armyworm (Spodoptera sp.), Leaf roller caterpillar (Lamprosema sp.), And other caterpillar species. Control by turning off the caterpillar, spray Vitura or PESTONA and last alternative to chemical insecticides.

Uret / grub
These pests attack the roots of the bulb so that even plants can gradually wither and eventually die. At the time of planting can be sprinkled around the plants a granular insecticide

Neck Stem Rot Disease
The cause fungus Phytium sp. or Sclerotium sp. Usually at the beginning of planting ginseng deterioration caused by excessive soil moisture. Neck stem or base of the stem was colored gray or brown, wet and soft curved inward. This fungus can spread to the tubers, over time the leaves look wilted. Control by way of drainage arrangements, gardens are not muddy and not humid. Since the beginning before planting using Natural GLIO.

Root Rot Disease
The cause fungus Phythopthora sp. Symptoms are initially green leaf turns yellow. Spread over time to cause death. When the plant was lifted in the base of the bulb / stem looks white feathers which later turned into a round-circle and finally become dark brown to black. Control using Natural GLIO before planting, keep the soil moisture and the last alternative to the systemic fungicide

Wilt Disease
Could be due to the fungus Fusarium sp. or Pseudomonas sp. But mostly caused by the fungus Fusarium. At first, leaves yellowing bone, then spread to the leaf stalk and leaves eventually wither. Control by Natural GLIO spread before planting and dip the cuttings before planting into the NASA POC GLIO Natural mixed.


  • Ginseng Plants harvested age 4-5 months depending on the growth and condition of the tuber. Characteristics; originally green stems turn red, the leaves turn yellow and begin to fall, flowering and remove the seeds, bulbs when didangir already quite large (over 1 cm diameter).
  • Harvesting in the morning when conditions sunny, no rain and leaves no longer dewy, dry soil.
  • Bulbs are harvested at once by using a fork menggemburkan land to land surface.
  • Before the base of the stem tuber crops revoked trimmed and separated from the stems and leaves. Cancellation of the tuber should be careful not to drop out and the tubers left in the soil. Bulbs that have been revoked cleaned and brought into the shade for sorting.

English Bulldog

Posted: 28 Mar 2011 12:13 PM PDT

Male english buldog puppy

Small cute English Bulldog puppy

As far as we know, the bulldog is happening to the British Isles, and his name (literally “bull dog”) is associated with the use of dogs for baiting bulls.
One can hardly say with certainty when it is born old English pastime, but in “Stemfordskom review” about its possible origin says: “The Count of William Warren, who ruled this city during the reign of King John (1209), standing on the walls of his castle in Stamford , saw two bulls, which are in the meadow in front of the castle fighting over a cow as long as the dog did not pursue one of them and drove him mad by barking through the city. It is so like the Count that he was providing his meadow for similar events the townspeople with the condition that six weeks before Christmas, they will pick up the “Raging Bull”.
Anyone who has read about the bull-baiting dogs, can be concluded that the original Bulldog was a fierce dog. His appearance of absolutely no significance, the beauty and harmony of speech was not. It is hard to imagine what possessed the extraordinary courage of these dogs. Having a family for many generations of military ancestors, these dogs have become so bold and ferocious, as if did not feel pain. This was the bulldog of old England.

Adult English bulldog sleeping on the kitchen floor

Funny English Bulldog male Sleeping on the kitchen floor

But since 1835 dog fighting in Britain were banned. Thus, the English bulldog was not needed, and his days were numbered. However, found fans who did not like this situation, they wanted to preserve this wonderful breed. Moreover, the aggressiveness was unnecessary and undesirable, they sought to preserve all the other wonderful qualities of the breed. With this calculation breeders began to eliminate undesirable traits and retain the best quality. Purposeful breeding yielded results: after a few generations of an English bulldog has become one of the nicest dogs, losing the his original ferocity.
This is the bulldog we know today. We should be grateful to our British companions, who appreciated the English bulldog and saved it for posterity

Cutest Male and female English bulldog puppies

Cutest Male and Female English Bulldog puppies  on the grass

Bulldog. Official Standard
Approved July 20, 1976 Revised November 28, 1990

General view. Bulldog – a dog of medium size with smooth hair, massive head with short muzzle, broad shoulders, sturdy limbs. Addition of a bulldog dense, strong and stocky. The general form and character indicate decisiveness, strength and vigor. A dog with a balanced, friendly and bold character (not malicious and non-aggressive) and demeanor – a peace-loving and generous. These qualities must be manifested in the appearance and behavior.

Weight, proportion, composition. Weight: Dogs approximately 22.5 kg, females – about 18 kg. Proportions: a circle of skull in front of the ears should not be less than the height at the withers. Addition: dog perfectly composed – No article shall be allocated, so the dog does not look ugly or out of proportion. Females more easily add, than dogs.

Head. Eye when viewed from the front low-set, as far as possible from the ears, the corners of his eyes are on the same line with the transition from forehead to muzzle. Eyes right and widely delivered, and their corners are seen from the front are nearly flush with the cheeks, round, medium size, not deep set nor prominent, very dark. When looking forward ever cover whites of the eyes, the third eyelids are not visible. Ears are set wide and high, possibly far from the eyes, small and delicate to the touch. The most desirable type of ears, “Rose” (hanging on the cartilage, bent to the back, so-called open dorsum of tongue, with partially or completely open acoustic meatus). Cranial volume and largest – of its circle in front of the ears should not be less than the height at the withers. Viewed from the front skull is high (on the angle of the mandible to the cranial vault) and a very wide square. When viewed from the side of the head of a deep and very short (from nose to occiput). The forehead is flat (not rounded or domed), not too prominent or overhanging face. Cheeks bulging, protruding under her eyes forward and sideways. Frontal bones are large, broad, square and high, with a hollow between the eyes – broad and deep, reaching to the middle of his forehead. Muzzle (from the point of transition from forehead to muzzle to the nose) is very short, broad, turned up and very deep from corner of eye to corner of mouth

White and brown coated English bulldog puppy

Small male puppy English Bulldog on the table

Nose: big, broad and black, is located deep at eye level. Distance from the point of transition from forehead to muzzle to the nose should be as small as possible and not exceed the distance from nose to the rim of the lower lip. Nostrils wide, big and black, with a clearly defined groove between them. The color of the nose is black. Well-defined lips, pendulous, dense and very deep, completely cover the sides of the lower jaw. Front, they reach the rim of the lower lip, almost or completely closing the teeth (which, when the mouth is closed may be hardly noticeable). The jaws are massive, very broad, square, with a snack (the lower jaw is considerably above the top and curved upward). Teeth large and strong, canines set wide apart, bits of lower jaw located on the same line.
Flaws: erect, pointed ears, or type “rosebud” (standing on the cartilage, formed along the front and tight to the cheeks, covering the acoustic opening), cropped ears.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: brown or liver color nose

brown English bulldog puppy with white spots playing with pacifier

Little Male puppy English Bulldog playing with pacifier

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is short, sturdy and strong, slightly arched. Topline: immediately behind the withers slight depression in the ground (the lowest point of the back), from spin up to the elastic waist, from which gradually descends to the base of the tail, forming arch (the back sail “or” spin the wheel “- a very characteristic feature of the breed). Thorax and body bulk, with rounded sides, ribs and deep (from the withers to the lower chest). Chest far enough down between his shoulders and forelegs, giving the dog a broad front, a stocky, short-legged appearance. The belly is slightly tucked up, but not excessively. Back short and strong, very broad at the shoulders with a relatively narrow waist. The tail may be either direct – no bends or wring – or “corkscrew” and in any case it should be short, set low, the downward direction. Straight tail conical, evenly tapering to an end. Tail “corkscrew” with clear loops and curves, steep breaks, or knotty. The tail is tightly placed, should not rise above the back line

Male English bulldog with white and brown coat

Beautiful Male English Bulldog

Forequarters. Scapula muscular, broad, oblique, giving the dog the stability and great power. The forelegs are short, very strong and muscular, set wide apart, with well-developed forearms, due to what appear to be curved, but the bone should be straight and feet should not be located close to each other. Elbows are low, some are separated from the hull. Feet medium size, compact and tight. Fingers are compact, well separated, arched, with very short, as if chopped off claws. Feet can be directed straight ahead or slightly outward.

Hindquarters Strong and muscular, longer than the front limbs, due to which the waist is raised above the withers. Hock with a slightly angulated, the lower is omitted, that provides power thighs. Tibia short, straight and strong knees slightly outward, which pulls together several hocks and deploys its hind legs outward. Feet medium size, compact and sturdy, in outwards. Fingers are compact, well separated, arched, with short, as if chopped off claws.

Coat and skin. The coat is straight, short, flat, thin and glossy. Skin elastic and loose, especially on the head, neck and shoulders. The head and face covered with deep folds of skin on the throat of the lower jaw hanging down to his chest two symmetrical folds, forming a suspension.
Vices: the presence of feathering, fringe, curly, wavy hair

Chinese Shar-Pei

Posted: 28 Mar 2011 11:34 AM PDT

cute baby Shar-Pei sitting on the floor and posing for picture

Male Shar-Pei puppy sitting

It is believed that the ancient and unique breed – a Chinese Shar-Pei – occurred from near the small village of Tai Li in Guangdong Province and has existed for centuries in the southern provinces of China, apparently since the Han Dynasty (200 BC. E .). Figurines were found, much like the shar-pei, who referred to this period. Recently was transferred to a Chinese manuscript of the XIII century, which mentions about a dog with pleats in their qualities are very reminiscent of shar-pei.
Title Shar Pei literally means “sand skin” or more loosely translated “rough as sandpaper, wool. This refers to two distinctive qualities of wool shar-pei – stiffness and short length that makes this dog unique in the canine world. In shar-pei is another feature which it shares with just one breed – chow-chow – a blue-black tongue, which may indicate a common ancestor of both breeds. However, the evidence of such a relationship is difficult to find.
History of Chinese Shar-Pei is full of blind spots. But we know that after China became a communist country, the number of dogs there has dropped significantly. Dogs became little in cities and in rural areas are almost gone. During this period, the Shar-Pei were bred in small numbers in Hong Kong and Taiwan.
Around 1968 the breed recognized and registered the Kennel Club of Hong Kong. Subsequently, the Kennel Association of Hong Kong and Kowloon (Kowloon) has established a registry of dogs and brought back shar-pei. This organization and to this day registers the breed, as well as other organizations in Taiwan, Japan, Korea, as well as in Canada, Britain and some European countries

Two baby Shar-Pei dogs sleeping, cute baby puppies

Cutiest baby Shar-Pei puppies sleeping

In the United States-documented history of this breed dates back to 1966 when there were imported several dogs from breeding stock registered with the Kennel Club of Hong Kong. October 8, 1970 Association of American breeders registered Chinese Shar-Pei for JC Smith. Interest in the breed has increased significantly in 1973 when Metgo Lo from the nursery Down Homes in Hong Kong, appealed to dog lovers in the United States with the slogan “Save the Chinese Shar-pei!”. People enthusiastically responded to this appeal, and the fall of 1973 in the United States was brought a limited number of these dogs because they were rare. Their new owners to communicate with each other and decided to establish a national club and registry for these dogs. The American Club Chinese Shar-Pei (AKLKSH) held its first organizational meeting in 1974, and since then it exists constantly. The first national exhibition was held in 1978, since such exhibitions are held each year.
AKLKSH leading stud book and is actively promoting this unique, attractive and devoted dog. On May 1988, when the AKC accepted shar-pei in the mixed class, there were 29,263 registered dogs. In October 1991, the Shar-Pei received the full recognition of ACE and was listed at 6-th group: Unsportsmanlike dog. ”
Permissible length of coat Chinese Shar-pei range from very short “horse” coat to the hair, not exceeding 2.5 cm at the withers.
Each type has its own peculiarities. Since hard-coat – a distinctive feature, it is important that it has not been lost in the dogs with “horse” coat. Thanks to the popularity of the longer coat in some dogs after a few generations it can soften or lengthen. If every 2-3 generations to add the blood of dogs with a “horse” fur coat acquires rigidity and the length of the specified standard

Adult male Shar-Pei staying on the grass

Strong male Shar-Pei

Chinese Shar-Pei. Official Standard
Approved October 8, 1991

General view. Lively, dignified, active, compact, sturdy dog ??of medium size, square format, with the short loin, a large head, a little too big for the body. Unique only to him peculiar kind of ball-peyu give a short, rough fur, loose skin covering the head and body, small ears, snout “like a hippo, and high set tail. For puppies are especially characteristic of loose skin and wrinkles, a lot of covering the head, neck and body. In adult dogs, they may be limited to the head, neck and withers.

Height, weight, proportion, composition. Height: 46 – 51 cm preferred weight: 18 – 25 kg. Males are usually larger than females and have a square format. Proportions: Height at the withers is approximately equal to the length of the body (from humeroscapular junction to point of buttock).

The head is large, proudly raised and covered with numerous folds on the forehead, turning into lateral folds that frame the face. Dark eyes, small, almond-shaped, deep set, giving the dog “frowning” appearance. In dogs, “dilute” colors (dilute) the eye color may be lighter. Ears are very small, rather thick, shaped form an equilateral triangle. Edge of the ear may be wavy. Ears close to head, wide apart and pointing forward, moving. The skull is flat and wide, and the transition from forehead to muzzle moderately expressed. The muzzle is one of the characteristics of the breed. Broad and well filled, without the slightest hint of sharpness. Length of muzzle equal to length of skull. Nose: big, broad, dark, preferably black or in harmony with the basic color. When dilyutovyh preferred monochrome color nose. Cream Shar Pei with a dark pigment can have a color of the nose of the “butterfly” or spotted (in the basic color tone). Fleshy lips and nose and thick, slightly rising over the back of the nose. ‘ELIMINATING FAULTS: erect ears.
Language, the sky, the gums and Flews in all colors of blue-black, but when dilyutovyh – solid lavender (lavender). Teeth strong. Scissor bite.
Flaws: spotted tongue, deviation from a scissor bite.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: pink tongue (tongue may lighten due to heat stress, need to be careful not to confuse dilyutovuyu pigmentation with a pink tongue

Large male Shar-Pei, Large Chinese dog

Brown beautiful Chinese Shar-Pei

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is medium length, volume, strong. Around the neck and throat are free hanging folds of skin, transforming into a dewlap. The topline is slightly behind the withers and decreases slightly increased over the short, broad loin. Chest broad and deep, it reaches to the elbows. Abdomen slightly tucked. Back short. The loin is short. Croup line. The base of the tail set high, clearly demonstrating highly placed anus. Tail Set on high, which is a characteristic feature of the Shar-pei, thick and round at the base, tapering and curved over the back or side.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: kutsehvostost.

Forequarters. Scapula muscular and sloping. Limb when viewed from the front straight, moderately wide apart. Elbows close to the body. When viewed from the side are straight, pasterns strong and slightly sloping. The backbone of the massive, but not heavy. Fifth fingers can be removed. Feet small, compact and strong, not loose.

Hindquarters well muscled, strong, with moderate angulation. Hocks bent low. Metatarsus steep and parallel to each other when viewed from behind. Dewclaws removed. Paws – as in forequarters.

Coat. One feature of the Shar-Pei is extremely hard coat. It is absolutely straight, raised at the back and sides, but the end smoothed. Coat looks healthy, though not shiny and not shiny. Permissible length hair can vary from extremely short – “choir” to “brush”, and its length at the withers less than 2,5 cm
Faults: Soft, or wavy hair, or wool, from the withers exceeds 2.5 cm, shorn wool


Posted: 28 Mar 2011 11:13 AM PDT

large adult chow chow dogs on the kitchen floor

Three Adult chow chow dogs on the kitchen floor

Obtain evidence of an ancient origin of chow-chow, this majestic and proud dog, hard, and it is in no small measure due to that ruthlessness with which the Chinese emperors destroyed works of art and literature of their predecessors. Yet not so long ago has been found relief, referring to the Han Dynasty (150 BC. Er.), Where the chow is portrayed as a hunting dog at that time. Although this implies that the age of this breed is over 2000 years, many experts believe that the chow is much older, so this is really one of the oldest breeds of dogs.
Was put forward the theory that the chow is derived from the crossing of the old Tibetan Mastiff and Samoyed – from northern Siberia. Certainly, b chow manifest some of the qualities of both breeds. But this idea belies the fact that Chow has a blue-black tongue. From this some conclude that chow – an independent breed, and that
This breed could be among the ancestors of Samoyed, Norwegian huskies, kishonda and Spitz – they all have some similar type.
In our time, Chow became a fashionable pet dogs and guard, although there is ample evidence that in China it for centuries was the main hunting dog. Probably the most unusual and luxurious kennels throughout history has been one of the emperors of the Tang Dynasty about the VII century AD. er. It was so large that the emperor could not use and of what it had. In this kennel contained 2500 pairs of type chow hounds, and the service of the emperor consisted 10,000 rangers.
Apparently, Chow is an extremely gifted rock, because this dog is used for almost any job. Paying tribute to the beauty of this dog’s instinct, tenacity and ingenuity, it is often used in the hunt for the Mongolian pheasant and Yunnan francolin, the dog always been speed and endurance

picture of chow chow puppy and adult chow chow male posing for picture

Baby chow chow and Adult chow chow posing for relaxing on the bed

There is no doubt that the birthplace of the chow-chow is much farther north, but these dogs have always been mostly in southern China, particularly in the area of ??Canton. In this area of ??China where this dog is considered a radical, it is usually called chernoyazykoy or chernorotoy. In the north, for example in Beijing, it is called the “Lang Kou (wolf dog),” hsiung Kou (bear dog) or a little more complicated: “Hey Shae-t’ou (chernoyazykoy) or kuantung kou” (Cantonese dog).
Name Chow has little to do with China is that this expression originated in the late XVII century, the Anglo-Chinese hybrid word referring to the goods brought from any part of the Eastern Empire. It means all sorts of gadgets, including such antique gizmos like figurines made of porcelain and ivory, what we today call “different difference”. The ship’s captain was much easier to write a “chow-chow, we describe their cargo in detail. Over time, this expression was turned on and the dog.
For the first time made the West a description of Chow was written by Reverend Gilbert White, a priest of Selborne, England. It was later published in “Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne.” This description is very complete and indicates that dogs are not too different from modern specimens. A neighbor of the priest in 1780 brought a pair of chow from Canton on board East India Company.
However, the import of chow-chow in England began only in 1880, and the popularity of this breed began to take after she became interested in Queen Victoria. The first specialized club was founded in England in 1895. This dog is the first time took part in an exhibition in the United States in 1890, when it belonged to Miss A. Derby bitch named Takiyeh recorded as chow-chow, took third place in the “mixed class” at the Westminster Kennel Club in New York.
AKC officially recognized the breed in 1903. American club chow was adopted by the AKC in 1906. Today it is one of the most deep-rooted in America rocks

Picture of five pomeranian puppies posing on the wall

Five baby chow-chow puppies playing on the wall

Chow-chow. Official Standard
Approved November 11, 1986 Revised August 21, 1990

General view. Chow Chow – the universal ancient breed, originating from Northern China, was used in a variety of purposes: for hunting, protection of livestock and homes. Although today it is mostly companion dog, do not forget about its working origins. This is a strong, strong, healthy dog ??of the polar type, square format, medium size, with muscular and massive bone. Compact housing, with a short waist, wide and deep, tail set high, the dog keeps it pressed against his back. Corps relies on the direct, strong limbs. When viewed from the side straightened angulation hindquarters, hocks and metatarsus are located under the hip joints, which leads to a related motion at the trot – stilted gait, peculiar to this breed. Proudly planted a large head with broad, flat skull and short, broad and deep muzzle stressed “collar.” This elegant, harmoniously composed a massive dog, energetic, active and agile. Covered with short, soft coat with undercoat, chow-chow is a model of beauty, nobility, and naturalness. Blue-black tongue, scowling expression of the eyes and “stilted” gait is characteristic of the breed.

Growth, proportion, composition. Height: Height at the withers, on average – 43 – 51 cm, but in each case, we must first consider the overall proportions and harmonious composition. Proportion: when viewed from the side it is evident that the dog square format with a short loin. Distance from humeroscapular joint to point of buttock equal to height at the withers. Distance from elbow to ground equal to half the height at the withers. The lowest point of the chest is at elbow. Thorax broad, which is a breed trait. The examination of puppies should be guided by the same rules as for the adult dog. Addition: a dog with a well-developed muscles and strong bones. Males – courageous, bitches – it is easier for the constitution, somewhat elongated.
Flaws: extended format or vysokonogost; moor dogs with weak bones, downloaded or too rough

Picture of baby chow-chow pupies with soft brown coat

Three baby chow-chow puppies sitting on the coach

Head with a proud-set in proportion to the body, but not enough to seem too heavy. Expression in his eyes scowling, dignified, proud, attentive, calm, self-confident and independent. The dog looks frowning eyebrows by hanging over the folds of skin, pronounced eyebrows with protruding subcutaneous brovnymi tubercles on the inner upper corner of each eye, which form the “gloomy view” of the pronounced groove between the eyes, starting at the base of the muzzle and reaching to the top of the forehead and also because of the correct form and place the eyes and ears. Folds of skin on the face there. The eyes are dark brown, deep set, wide and obliquely set, almond shaped, medium size. Proper positioning and shape of the eye should create “Oriental” appearance. Eyelid black, eyes are clearly visible. Ears small, moderately thick, triangular, slightly rounded at the end, upright, slightly tilted forward. Wide and high planted. The skull is broad and flat, but not at the expense of wool and skin folds. When viewed from the side lines of the muzzle and skull are almost parallel. The transition from forehead to muzzle is moderately expressed, but because of the protruding brows can seem more dramatic. The muzzle is short compared with the length of the skull, but not less than 1 / 3 length of head. The muzzle is broad and deep throughout length from eyes to nose, not pointed, well filled under eyes. Square format muzzle formed by the proper bone structure, the bulk of the muzzle and fleshy lips. When the mouth is closed upper lips completely cover the bottom without overlapping the lower jaw. Nose: big, broad, black, with wide open nostrils, but the blue chow might have a blue or bluish-gray nose. The edges of the lips black. The ideal fall solid black. Language solid bluish-black color, the darker the better. Teeth are strong, incisors are on the same lines, scissor bite.
Disadvantages: too loose folds of skin on the head.
Flaws: ectropion or entropion century, overly-developed third eyelid, soft ears.
Disqualifying faults: hanging ear or ears are not fully pigmented or not a black nose (except in blue Chows), the sky or the language of red or pink or with one or more of the stain of red or pink

Three adult chow-chow dogs with brown and black coat siting on the forest road

Three chow-chow adult male dogs relaxing on the forest dirt road

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is strong, sturdy, well muscled, nicely arched, highly placed, to stand with head held high. Topline straight, strong and smooth. Housing short, compact, short loins, muscular, wide and deep. Back, loin and croup should be short to give the dog the required square format. Chest broad, oval and muscular, neither in any way is narrow and not flattened. Ribs fairly prominent, but not the barrel. Bending the front edges is expressed in the spine and some narrowing down. The belly is broad and deep, drops to the elbows. Mesosternum goes forward beyond the line of the shoulders. Loin muscular, strong, short, broad and deep. Croup short, broad and muscular, not beveled. Tail Set high, continuing the line of cereals, tight and right on his back.
Flaws: shortness of breath or abdominal (does not include the usual shortness of breath).

Forequarters. Blades of strong, muscular, the ends of blades moderately reduced. Vanes set at an angle of approximately 55 ° to the horizontal, and form of the humerus angle of approximately 110 °, resulting in removal of the forelimbs obtained small. The length of the humerus is the length of the scapula. Elbows sent back and held tightly to his chest, and they turned neither in nor out. Forearm perfectly straight, with massive bone. When viewed from the front legs are parallel and widely separated in proportion to the width of the chest. Pasterns short and upright. Wrist steep. Fifth fingers may be removed. Feet round, compact, “cat”, raised on thick pads.
Flaws: Kozinets

Large chow-chow dog in the park

Adult chow-chow dog with brown coat in the park

Hindquarters broad, strong and muscular in the thighs, with strong bones. When viewed from the rear limbs are straight, parallel to each other and far apart – in proportion to the width of the pelvis. The knee joint is smoothed, durable and, pointing straight ahead. Hocks low and seem to have omitted almost straightened. They should be strong and sturdy, with no express angles, not similar to each other and not turned outwards. Hock and shank are in a straight line at the hip joint. Hocks are short and steep. The dewclaws may be removed. Paws – as in forequarters.
Malformations: severe angulation of knee or hock.

Coat. There are two types of hair – short-haired and long-haired, both – with a distinct undercoat.
Long-haired type: coat thick, dense, straight, not adjacent to the body, rather hard to the touch, undercoat soft, thick and short. Puppies wool is soft, thick and short. Around the head and neck wool forms a lush ruff, framing the head. Males coat and ruff generally longer than females. The tail is covered with thick long hair. Different dogs length hair is different, so you should take into account its density, structure and condition than the length. You can cut the mane, paws, and paw.
Flaws: a noticeable cut or change the natural shape of wool.
Shorthair type: judged by the same standard as the long-haired, except for the fact that the wool in this case is shorter and more fitting. The hips should not be obvious “trousers”, and on the tail – the long feathering.

Color pure colors, solid or solid with lighter shades of the basic color on the ruff, tail and feathering. In chow, there are five colors: red (from light gold to dark mahogany color), black, blue, cinnamon (tan) – from light fawn to dark cinnamon; cream. All colors are evaluated on an equal basis


Posted: 28 Mar 2011 10:26 AM PDT

two cute pomeranian puppies-male and female

Two cute pomeranian puppies

Pomeranets - a member of the family dogs that are known informally as biradlike. It is the descendant of sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland. In the Pomeranian breed acquired its present size and is bound to it by its name. Dogs larger sizes are used to protect sheep flocks. When in the middle of the XIX century the breed was first noticed in England, some dogs weighed 15 kg and the size, coat and color reminiscent of the German wolf Spitz – Wolfspitz.
The breed was not very popular until 1870, when the English Kennel Club recognized it. In 1888, Queen Victoria, being in Florence, fell in love and brought a Pomeranian dog named Marco in England. As the queen enjoyed great respect and its activities are widely reported and documented, the popularity of rock climbing sharply. That’s Queen Victoria is said to have been a supporter of reducing the size of the breed. On the day of his death in 1901 she commanded to bring her her favorite Pomeranian named Turi. When the queen died, Turi was lying next to her.
Representatives of the breed exhibited in the USA in 1892 in the “mixed class”, but in a separate group, they were only in 1900 in New York. In 1911,
American Pomeranian Club held its first exhibition of the breed

Picture of cute pomeranian puppy female

Pomeranian female puppy white as snow

Winners of the early American shows have been a more powerful bone structure, with larger ears and weighed up to 2.7 kg. They had a modern style and a good structure of wool, although it was less dense and longer than today. Dog breeding due to the efforts of the American Kennel demonstrate improved type of breed, more approximate to the standard than it was from the winners of the first exhibitions. Strictly speaking, American breeding retrievers are the best in the world. For example, the champion of Pall Mall a few times performed in Europe in the competition for the title of “Best in Show” and won the honorary title “Winner” in the class of “Toy”. Spitz American breeding and not just won at international exhibitions.
Small size, docile and cheerful character, good health make orange different pet and companion

picture of pomeranian puppy on blue font

Baby pomeranian breed dog, white coat on blue font

Bitter orange. Official Standard
Approved June 10, 1991

General view. Pomeranets compact, harmoniously combined dog. In his eyes, recognized outstanding intellect and cheerful, energetic character.

Weight, proportion, composition. Weight exhibition orange – 1,4 – 3,2 kg. Ideal weight – 1,8 – 2,3 kg. Dog harmoniously proportioned, compact and sturdy. Finiteness of the mean. Enclosure with rounded true and last long edges. Chest is deep enough and not too broad.

The head is proportional to the body, wedge-shaped, with a sly, “fox”, the expression of the eyes. Sparkling eyes, dark, medium size, almond-shaped, standing not too wide and not too close. Eyelid black, except for dogs, brown and blue color for which they meet the color. Ears small, erect, set high and wide. The skull is slightly convex. Snout with a sharp transition from forehead to muzzle, fine, but not pointed. Lip color black, except for dogs, brown and blue color, lip color that corresponds to the color. Nose black, except for dogs, brown and blue color, which color corresponds to the nose color. Scissor bite, where the inner side of upper incisors merges with the outer side of the lower incisors. If only one tool does not apply to another – is not considered a snack or overshot.
Faults: Round, domed calvaria; snack

two pomeranian babies-male and female, baby dogs

Two  pomeranian babies with soft white and brown coat

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is rather short, set high and smoothly into the withers. Topline: Straight. Housing strong, with ribs, rounded. Chest is deep enough and not too broad. Tail – a feature of the breed: Set on high, tight to the spine.

Forequarters. Vanes sloping, allowing orange and proudly hold up the neck. Legs straight and parallel to each other, of medium length in relation to the body. The pasterns are vertical. Fifth fingers may be removed. Bitter orange is standing on his fingers.
Flaws: sloping pasterns.

Hind limbs. Paw placed perpendicular to the ground, parallel to each other, hocks turning neither outside nor inside. Dewclaws removed. Pomeranian stands firmly on his fingers.
Faults: Cow hocks.

Coat. Wool consists of a short, soft, dense undercoat and a long, rough and shiny casing wool, stiff to the touch. Over the long, thick, straight and sticking out the hair on the neck forms a “collar”. Tail well feathered. The front legs are well feathered, rear – are covered with long hair on top of the thigh to the shank. Allowed to cut hair around the paw to hock, hair sticking up on the edges of the ears and around the anus.
Flaws: soft, tight-fitting or vertically standing coat (open shirt); excessive grooming (in places not specified in the standard).

Color. In specialized exhibitions in the Open class, dogs are divided by color in the following order: 1) bright red, orange, cream and sable, and 2) a bright black, brown and blue, and 3) any other allowable bright color.
Recognized colors are valued equally. Allowed any solid color, any solid color with a lighter or darker shade of the same color, any solid color with a touch of sable or black, brindle, sable, black and tan.
Black and Tan: black color with yellow or red-red, well-defined markings over eyes, on muzzle, throat, front of chest, legs, paws and a tail.
Spotted: white color with evenly distributed in small patches on the body and a white blaze on his head.
Flaws: white chest, paws or limbs of dogs solid color (except white).

Monday, March 28, 2011

Murai Batu

Posted: 28 Mar 2011 02:48 AM PDT

2murai batu02 Murai Batu

Murai Batu (Copsychus malabaricus) is the most popular of birds chirping. Belonging to the family Turdidae. Scattered throughout the island of Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, and parts of Java island.

This type is best considered Murai Batu Medan. It’s just excessive forest exploitation and hunting for commercial purposes to make this kind of difficult to find in the market.

1murai batu01 Murai Batu

Morphological characteristics

Having a body is almost entirely black, except the bottom of the bright red to dull orange. There are slightly blue tinge in the head. Long tail enforced in a state of shock, or Twitter.

Murai stone from Tanjung Redep, East Kalimantan, should be entitled uniqueness in the head which extends to the back and white stripes. Murai Kalimantan has a shorter tail with a length of about 8-12 cm, while Murai Batu Sumatra 15-20 cm. Another distinctive feature is Murai Batu Borneo when dealing with species would inflate the feathers around her chest while singing.

3murai batu03 Murai Batu

Another distinctive feature is Murai Batu Borneo when dealing with species would inflate the feathers around her chest while singing.

Body size of 14-17 cm.


General Foods is a small insect. Hobbyists usually provide a combination of pellets, Kroto, crickets, caterpillars and eggs hongkong bees. Murai Batu also eat poer / voer sold in bird shops.


Males distinguished from females of the chirp is more active and longer tails. Males can not tolerate any other male in the vicinity of its territory. While difficult to accept male female unknown. Usually done by mating the breeding pair from one parent (incest).

But today many birds chirping Pengemar in Java have started successfully menangkar Murai Batu hybrid between species of Sumatra (Medan) to the type of Kalimantan (Borneo)

4murai batu04 Murai Batu


Posted: 27 Mar 2011 02:48 PM PDT

Picture of two dalmatian puppies, cute dogs

Two Dalmatian puppies

None of the breed is no more interesting stories than that of a Dalmatian – a dog, originating from ancient times. Its roots go so deep into the past is that experts can not come to a consensus about its origin. With regard to this ancient breed, the researchers strongly agree that it is no change took place over many centuries.
Based on the available prints, sculptures, paintings and written evidence developed different views – this spotted dog first appeared in Europe, Asia and Africa. These differences can be explained by the fact that these dogs are often found in the gypsy camp and they, like their owners, the Gypsies are not tied to one place. Reputable dog breeders consider their homeland of Dalmatia, the region in the west near the Adriatic coast of Yugoslavia, which had (from 1815 to 1919) was a province of Austria. Although this dog is credited with a dozen nationalities and as many local names – the English called it “an English Karetnaya dog”, “pudding with prunes”, “Fire
dog “and” calico dog “- its proper name Dalmatian, it is connected with its first documented by home. Mention of this breed as a dalmatian, we find in the documents the middle of XVII century. There is no doubt that the origin of rocks as old as that of other breeds

Picture of Male Dalmatian breed dog

Dalmatian breed dog

Dalmatian used for guarding the border of Dalmatia and Croatia, as well as a plow horse and cattle dog. It perfectly catches rats and preys on predators. Dalmatian heroically distinguished himself by working in the fire brigades, and was thus a living mascot for firemen. It has been used to hunt birds, to hunt down  game in a pack – to hunt boar and deer. Retentive memory made a Dalmatian one of the most reliable performers in the circus or on stage. For years, intelligence and efficiency Dalmatian allowed to use it as a service dog.
Among all of his abilities is one the most important, has earned him a reputation as one and only dog ??- to run alongside horse-carriage. We can assume that follow chariots Dalmatian began back in Egypt, as evidenced by engravings depicting spotted dog with cropped ears and a collar with a brass padlock engaged by its natural crafts – maintenance and protection of horse-drawn carriage

puppy dalmatian looking down

Cute Dalmatian puppy

Physically he is fit for long life on the road. Agility and endurance combine it with beauty. The Dalmatian has enough strength and energy to vigorously follow the crew. This instinct is innate, fixed for many centuries. He gets used to the horse, like a duck to water, but the horse gets used to it. Dalmatian can, with dignity and determination to clear the path before a great crew, drawn by four horses, or to accompany the crew, giving it the grandeur of their ermine spots. It can run under the back or under the front axle of the crew or that the most difficult, under the drawbar between the front of horses and the shaft. No matter how he worked, he does it with all my heart, with skill, which ensured him the reputation as the only dog ??in the world, accompanying the crew. Dedication – its most recognized feature.
There is no more beautiful a dog than a mottled animal with a smooth white hair, painted clearly defined round spots of jet-black or dark brown. It is not similar to any other breed, because of its unique color. This is a dog with a strong body, a beautiful spotted coat color and distinctive appearance. Bright spots were the culmination of a Dalmatian careful breeding over many centuries.
His aristocratic looks are not at odds with his demeanor, as the Dalmatian first gentleman. It is a peaceful creature – the ideal guard who is a connoisseur when barking for fun, and when in the case. With invited guests he was very polite, but you are always ready to protect the owner and give a fitting rebuff to the enemy – is a sensitive and reliable keeper. Dalmatian - Dog is not for everyone, because not every fan can uncover and use hidden in it an excellent working qualities and mind, even if it is to treat the dog with great love. Fashion has not changed a Dalmatian. The puppy is born pure white, early formed, does not require relief ears or tail. The Dalmatian is ready for hunting or for the show ring in the form in which it has created nature. It is extremely hardy, suitable for any climate, it’s easy to contain – requires only minimal maintenance, because it is a healthy, neat and clean dog

Dalmatian breed dogs posing for picture

Picture of two dalmatian dogs posing for photo

Dalmatian. Official Standard
Approved July 11, 1989

General view. Dalmatian - a dog with a characteristic Crapo, with a balanced character, energetic, strong, muscular and agile, without a shadow of timidity, with an intelligent expression of her eyes, harmoniously combined, without coarseness. It is very hardy and faster.
Deviations from the ideal described in the standard shall be punished in direct proportion to the severity of this deviation.

Growth, proportion, composition. Height: 48 – 58.5 cm
Square format (the length of the body from humeroscapular joint to point of buttock approximately equal to the height at the withers). The backbone of a strong and sturdy, but not rude.
Faults: Height at the withers higher or lower than specified in the standard.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: withers height above 61 cm

Head is proportional to the total addition of the dog. Expression in his eyes lively and intelligent, indicating a balanced and sociable character. Eyes moderately wide set, medium size, somewhat rounded, rather deep set. Eye color brown, or blue (with different saturation), the darker the better. In dogs with black spots eyes are usually darker than in dogs with liver spots. Ears of medium size, with a broad base, gradually narrowed to a rounded end, hanging, tightly to the head, placed rather high, thin to the touch. When alert the upper edge of Ear departs from her cheeks outwards. Cranial vault is flat, with a slight vertical groove in the middle. The transition from forehead to muzzle is moderately expressed. Cheeks are moving smoothly in a strong muzzle with a straight nasal bridge. The skull and muzzle are parallel. Length of muzzle equal to length of skull. Nose fully pigmented, in dogs with black spots, it is black, in dogs with liver spots – brown. The lips are dry and tight. Scissor bite.
Flaws: ectropion, entropion eyelid, trichiasis (proliferating third eyelid); incomplete pigmentation of the eyelids; incomplete pigmentation of the nose.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: Overshot or undershot

Picture of female dalmatian dog, dalmatian breed dog

Female Dalmatian breed dog

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is nicely arched, fairly long, without dewlap, smoothly into the withers. Topline: Straight. Chest deep, body, moderately broad. Ribs prominent, but not barrel shaped. Brisket reaches to the elbows. Underline gradually rises. The back is straight and strong. Loin short, muscular and slightly arched. Up flanks. The croup is nearly on par with his back. The tail is a natural extension of the topline, thick at the base, tapering to a close, comes to the hock. The tail is not docked. Dog holds its tail below the backline. End of tail is slightly curved upwards.
Faults: tail “ring”, set low, that was cast over the back tail.

Forequarters. Vanes with flat muscles, oblique. Shoulder length is the length of the scapula. Shoulder and shoulder blade articulated at an angle sufficient to paw came under the withers. Elbows close to the body. Forearms are straight, strong, with strong bones. Pasterns slightly sloping, elastic.

Hindquarters strong, with moderate relief, but well-defined muscles. The angle of the knee joint is expressed. Hocks low omitted. When viewed from the rear limbs are parallel to each other.
Faults: Cow hocks limbs.
Feet round and compact with thick, elastic pads and well arched toes enough. In dogs with black Crapo nails black and / or white, and in dogs with hepatic Crapo – brown and / or white. The dewclaws may be removed. Faults: Flat feet.

Coat is short, thick, thin and skintight, shiny and healthy looking.
Flaws: curly, silky hair