Tuesday, February 1, 2011



Dragon Fruit Cultivation

Posted: 01 Feb 2011 07:40 PM PST

1dragon fruits 01 Dragon Fruit Cultivation


Dragon fruit has long been known by ancient Chinese people as a fruit that was a blessing. because it is usually placed between the dragon fruit dragon statue at the Vietnam altar.Oleh therefore called dragon fruit or in Vietnamese called by the name of Thailand’s Loy Thang Keaw named Mang Kheon, in British terms given the name dragon fruit. Actually this is not a crop plant acyl mainland Asia, but is a native plant of Mexico and northern South America (Colombia). In awainya dragon fruit was brought kekawasan Indochina (Vietnam) by a Frenchman around 1870. from Guyama South America as a unique decoration for her figure and the flowers are beautiful and white. Just around 1980 after being taken to Okinawa Japan these plants worldwide because it is very profitable. Dragon fruit is rich in vitamins and minerals with quite a lot of fiber making it suitable for the diet.

Some of the benefits of dragon fruit are:

1. Balancing blood sugar
2. Prevention of High Cholesterol
3. Prevention of colon cancer

1. Plant Growth Requirements

Planted in the lowlands, at an altitude of 20-500 m above sea level.

Loose soil conditions, porous, many containing organic matter and high in nutrients, soil pH 5-7.

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Enough water available, because these plants are sensitive to drought and will rot if the excess water. Requires full sun exposure, to accelerate the flowering process.

2. Land Preparation

Prepare to stand truss plants, because these plants do not have a solid primary stem. Can use a wooden or concrete poles with size 10 cm x 10 cm with a height of 2 meters, which ditancapikan to the ground as deep as 50 cm. The upper end of the iron pillar berbentulk given circle untulk sustainer of branch plant

Sebeium month of planting, terlebi formerly made Wbang vulnerability with size 40 x 40 x 40 cm with a spacing of 2 mx 2.5 m, so that in 1 there are about 2000 hectares of buffer planting hole

Each pole / tree buffer was made 3-4 hole tanarn with a distance of about 30 cm from tian buffer.

Planting hole is then given a ripe manure as much as 50-10 kg of soil mixed with

3. Preparation and planting seedlings

Dragon fruit can be propagated by means of:
Cuttings and Seed

Generally planted with stem cuttings of plants required length 25-30 cm, which is grown in a poly bag with a planting medium soil mix, sand fixation and manure in the ratio 1: 1: 1.
After-old seedlings? 3 months seedlings are ready to be moved / planted on the land.

3dragon fruits 03 Dragon Fruit Cultivation
4. Maintenance

In the early stages perturnbuhan irrigation 1-2 days. Excessive watering will cause rot

Pernupukan given manure crop, with an interval of 3 months, as many as 50-10 pounds.

Pest control (OPT)
While not yet found any fixation and disease pests of potential. Pembersilhan land or weed control conducted so as not to interfere with plant growth


Atang main (primary), trimmed, after reaching a high pillar (about 2 m), the clan was grown two secondary branches, then from each of the secondary branches are trimmed again grown 2cabang tertiary clan that serves as a branch of production.

5. Harvest

After the age of plants from 1.5 to 2 years, started flowering and fruiting. Harvesting on the dragon fruit plants that have performed on the fruit – typical characteristic red skin color
shiny, tassels / scales change color from green to kernerahan. Harvesting dilakulkan using scissors, the fruit can be harvested when the fruit reaches the age of 50 days after anthesis

4dragon fruits 041 Dragon Fruit Cultivation
In the first 2 years. each pillar is able to produce fruit 8 to 10 pieces of dragon with a weight of about between 400-650 grams

The biggest dragon fruit harvest season occurs in September to March

Dragon fruit plants of productive age are between 15-20 years

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