Monday, January 31, 2011

Beware Raising Poultry in Rainy Season

Posted: 31 Jan 2011 08:06 PM PST

chicken farming and cage cleaning Beware Raising Poultry in Rainy Season

Faced with the rainy season, there are three things that must be addressed, namely the stable condition, the management of cage culture and readiness officer. In addition, also be aware of diseases that may arise.

As the saying goes willing umbrella before it rains, as well as the poultry world in welcoming the arrival of the rainy season. Umbrellas for the cultivation of the poultry cages in the form of readiness to face the rainy season, the appropriateness of management of conditions encountered during the rainy season, the readiness officer cage anticipate all possibilities.

Readiness of the cage.

Before the rainy season arrives, the cage must be prepared. That need to be examined include: * The condition of the roof: Please fix the roof when there is leakage. The entry of rain water can cause wet litter, feed, and even chicken. This incident may lead to the occurrence of cases of mushroom, hipotermi, as well as increasing ammonia content. In addition, the entry of rainwater into the causes of wood or bamboo cage skeleton fast brittle, thus making the operational cost increases. · Condition warehouse: Warehouse should remain in dry conditions, so that feed quality can be maintained. When the damp cellar floor, the use of buffer feed is recommended. Buffer can be made from wood, and bamboo. · Channel Water: Shared well water to prevent the cage from flooding, as well as wet chicken manure. With the smooth flow of water, is expected puddles around the cage can be reduced. · Air drink: In the rainy season when the volume of water in water sources increased, sometimes the water level is almost equal to the soil surface. If the water source is located in an area of high bacteria content, such as near the cage, close landfills, it is advisable to provide chlorine in drinking water.

Suitability of management. Among them feed management, sanitation, biosecurity and management of litter. · Management of feed: feed storage must take into account the condition of the warehouse during the rainy season. Avoid wet feed, because it will affect the quality of feed, good composition, the form of fragrance, as well as avoid the growth of fungi on food. · Sanitation: Prepare the dipping pen in advance. · Biosecurity: wet rainy season followed by the increasing population of flies and mosquitoes, this is due to the existence of stagnant water around the cage. Flies and mosquitoes are vectors of various diseases. For that effort to eradicate the insect must be a program when the rainy season. · Management litter. Try to stay dry litter. When the litter is wet try to be replaced soon. Another thing to consider is the supply of litter during the rainy season should be enough.

Readiness officer.

Officers should be prepared for cases that are sudden, for the readiness of personnel cages are needed, such as optimizing the temperature during the brooding period, controlling the condition of the roof, drainage and condition of the warehouse.

The case of the disease.

Some diseases that usually arises during the rainy season include: * Colibacilosis: Caused by baktri Eschericia coli infection. Transmission through direct contact between chickens sick with chicken healthy through food, drink and contaminated dust. Colibacilosis can cause embryonic death. Yolk sac infection, omfalis, oophoritis, salpingitis, koligranuloma and arthritis. This can be done by optimizing sanitation, bisecurity and air vents.

  • Coccidiosis: Caused by Eimeria (protozoa). The disease attacks the digestive tract of chicken so that the symptoms that often arises is dysentery. Prevention by optimizing sanitation, ventilation, sunlight and biosecurity.
  • Mushroom: Type of fungus that often attacks the chicken was Aspergillus. These fungi enter the body through food or chicken litter. This fungus mainly attacks the respiratory tract of chicken.
  • Other diseases transmitted by rats and mosquitoes fly vectors. In the rainy season, there are a lot of puddles around the cage, so the mosquito population increases. Wet chicken manure also causes the fly population increases. With the rain, the bushes around the cage also becomes dense so that a rat harborage. For that rat eradication program, flies and mosquitoes should be conducted in the rainy season.

Sunday, January 30, 2011


Posted: 30 Jan 2011 08:37 PM PST

Eggplant Flower 011 Eggplant

Eggplant (Solanum melongena, on the island of Java, more commonly known as eggplant) is a fruit-producing plants are used as vegetables. Origin are India and Sri Lanka. Eggplant closely related to potatoes and Leunca, and rather far from the tomatoes.

Eggplant Flower 022 Eggplant

Eggplant is a herb that is often planted annually. This plant grows to 40-150 cm (16-57 inches) tall. The leaves are large, with a coarse lobes. The size is 10-20 cm (4-8 inches) in length and 5-10 cm (2-4 inches) in width. The types of wild half are larger and grow to as high as 225 cm (7 feet), with leaves that exceed 30 cm (12 inches) and 15 centimeters (6 inches) in length. The trunk is usually prickly. The color of the flowers of white to purple, with a crown which has five lobes. Yellow stamens. Fruit contains flour, with a diameter of less than 3 cm for the wild, and even more for the type of planting.

Eggplant Flower 033 Eggplant

In terms of botany, a fruit classed as berries have many small seeds and tender. Seeds can be eaten but it was bitter because it contains nicotine, a tobacco alkaloid that many conceived.

Eggplant Flower 0441 Eggplant


Eggplant is a plant food that is grown for its fruit. The origins of cultivation in the southern and eastern Asia since prehistoric times, but only known in the Western world no earlier than around 1500. The fruit has a variety of colors, especially purple, green, and white. The first written records about eggplant found in Qi min yao shu, an ancient Chinese agricultural work, written in the year 544. The number of Arabic names and North Africa for the eggplant and the lack of Greek and Roman names show that this tree is brought into the Western world through the Mediterranean region by Arab nations in the early Middle Ages. Scientific name, Solanum melongena, derived from the Arabic term of the 16th century to a kind of eggplant plants.

Eggplant Flower 055 Eggplant

Because eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae, eggplant fruit was considered poisonous, as the fruit of several varieties Leunca and potatoes. While the eggplant fruit can be eaten without any ill effects for most people, some other people, eating the fruit of eggplant (similar to eating the fruit-related such as tomatoes, potatoes, and green pepper or pepper) may affect health. Some fruit eggplant slightly bitter and irritating to the stomach and cause gastritis. For this reason, some sources, especially from the natural health, said that the eggplant and related genera can cause or exacerbate arthritis with a subtle and precisely that, should be shunned by those who are sensitive to it.

Eggplant Flower 066 Eggplant

Eggplant Flower 077 Eggplant

WhiteEggplantonMarketStall 088 Eggplant

Coffee Cultivation

Posted: 30 Jan 2011 02:56 AM PST

coffee plant 011 Coffee Cultivation


Coffee Plant is a plant that is very familiar in their yards rural population in tropical countries. If this tremendous potential we can use commodity is not hard to make this a mainstay in the plantation sector. Just need a little technical touch cultivation right, undoubtedly optimistic expectations into reality.


  • To land the mountains / tilt create terraces.
  • Reduce / add a fast growing shade trees approximately 1:4 to 1: 8 of the total coffee crop.
  • Prepare a mature manure as much as 25-50 kg, transmit Natural GLIO, let stand one week and make the planting holes 60 x 60, or 75 x 75 cm with a spacing of 2.5 x2, 5 to 2.75 x 2.75 m at least 2 months before planting

coffee plant 022 Coffee Cultivation

  • Prepare a quality seeds from trees that have been known production of breeder seed is usually reliable.
  • Create a box or bumbunan soil for seeding with a thick layer of sand about 5 cm.
  • Create a shield with a midrib or paranet with a gradual reduction if the seedlings have grown
  • Flush nursery with a routine by looking at soil wetness
  • Seeds will germinate approximately 1 month, select healthy seeds and do the transfer to polybags with hati2 for root does not end at the age of seedlings 2 -3 months after initial seeding
  • Add fertilizer NPK as basal fertilizer (see table) until the age of 12 months
  • Pour SUPERNASA dose of 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water, take 250 ml per tree of the solution
  • After 4 month old seedlings, spray two NASA POC cap per tank once a month until the age of 7-9 months and ready for seed planting

coffee plant 033 Coffee Cultivation
- Enter the manure with the top soil mix when planting seeds.
- Try planting time has entered the rainy season.
- Do watering the soil after planting
- Avoid the risk of death of new crops from livestock disturbance.

Do watering if the ground is dry or dry season


  • Fertilization of NPK is given twice a year, the beginning and end of the rainy season.
  • After fertilization should be watered.

Perform regular pruning after the end of the harvest (cut weight) to adjust the shape of growth, reduce water bud branches (wiwilan), reduce evaporation and aims in order to form flowers, and repair the damaged plants.
Pruning at the beginning or end of the rainy season after fertilization

Coffee will be in production starting at the age of 2.5 years if well cared for and fruits have shown a red color that covers most of the plant, and carried out gradually over the period of fruit maturity.

coffee plant 044 Coffee Cultivation
To be prepared first drying, peeling skin, and also storage of crops from being damaged due to post-harvest pests. Fruit crops must be processed a maximum of 20 hours after picking to get good results.

Cause Damage to Rice Coffee:

  1. Wrinkled seeds: origin of the fruit is still young
  2. Seed cavity: coffee powder attacked
  3. Seeds reddish: Lack of clean wash
  4. Seed rupture: parer less than perfect, coming from an infected fruit powder, when stripping the coffee machine is too dry.
  5. Seeds of rupture followed by color changes: the evaporator and separator machine with seeds less than perfect skin, fermentation in wet processing less than perfect.
  6. Seeds striped: drying is incomplete, too long storage, storage temperature is too moist.
  7. 7. Seed Pale: for too long kept in the humid
  8. 8. Seed-skinned ari: Drying is not perfect or too long, the initial temperature artificial drying is too low.
  9. Seeds black gray: the artificial drying temperature is too high.
  10. Dark brown spots: the artificial drying, the coffee is not often stirred / inverted.

coffee plant 055 Coffee Cultivation

Thursday, January 27, 2011

Early Detection of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Your Livestock

Posted: 27 Jan 2011 08:32 PM PST

foot and mouth disease livestock 01 Early Detection of Foot and Mouth Disease Your Livestock

Of foot and mouth disease is an acute and highly contagious disease in cattle, buffalo, sheep and even other hoofed animals.
Infection is characterized by the formation of blisters, coronary groove feet and nipples.

Losses from the disease are weight loss, reduced milk production, growth retardation, loss of energy, prices decline. The cause of this disease is a virus.

Malignancy depending on the age of the animal viruses and adaptation to a kind of animal. The virus will hold for months on the network such as blood, marrow, lymph nodes. While the meat tissue quickly dies because the virus rapidly acidification.

foot and mouth disease livestock 02 Early Detection of Foot and Mouth Disease Your Livestock
The virus is not resistant to acid and alkaline pH, heat, ultraviolet light and some chemicals and disinfectants.

Viruses may hold for months in protein-containing materials, resistant to drought and cold.

The incubation period of 14 days, spread through contact with animal patients, secretion, or through milk, meat. Transmission is usually through respiratory equipment and means of digestion.

foot and mouth disease livestock 03 Early Detection of Foot and Mouth Disease Your Livestock
Symptoms of the disease attacking the body sluggish, body temperature reached 41 Celsius, decreased appetite, are reluctant to stand, depreciation weight loss, decreased milk production.

Typical signs: blisters form rounded protrusion that contains a liquid such as lymph nodes. Primary blisters began to appear 1-5 days after infection can be spread in space of the mouth, tongue, especially the upper, inner lip, gums, mucous membranes of the eye.

foot and mouth disease livestock 04 Early Detection of Foot and Mouth Disease Your Livestock
The wounds on the legs causing the animal nail berdiridan reluctant to be separated, is being wound on the tongue causes the animals are reluctant to eat.

Other disorders: chronic respiratory disorders, chronic infection of the nail.
Abnormalities that occurred after the death occurred blisters on the abdomen, the mouth and can happen abnormalities in the heart.

How to prevent it is to give vaccinations on a regular basis there is livestock. Vaccinations will be given immunity in farm animals for 4 months -1 year. It is advisable for farmers to provide allocation of funds for the treatment of livestock.

It is better to prevent disease rather than having to bear the losses come a very big if the disease has attacked and lead to death.

Tuesday, January 25, 2011

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Monday, January 24, 2011

Frog Farming

Posted: 24 Jan 2011 08:22 PM PST

frog farming and its benefits 011 Frog Farming

Raising frogs have been conducted in several countries, both hot and temperate climates of 4 seasons. Noted European countries which have cultivated a frog, among others: France, Netherlands, Belgium, Albania,  Romania, West Germany, Britain, Denmark and Greece, the United States and Mexico. While in Asia, China, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Turkey, India and Hong Kong who have been cultivating frogs.

frog farming and its benefits 02 Frog Farming

History frog unknown origin, because almost found everywhere, because of its ability to adapt to the surrounding environment. Frogs are much cultivated in Indonesia (Rana catesbeiana) derives from Taiwan, despite the frog was originally comes from South America.

frog farming and its benefits 03 Frog Farming

Frogs belong to the order Anura, the class of amphibians without tails. In order Anura there are more than 250 genera comprising 2600 species.

frog farming and its benefits 04 Frog Farming

There are 4 types of frogs are native to Indonesia in consumption by our society, namely:

  1. Rana Macrodon (green frog), decorated in green and greenish brown spots and grow to 15 cm.
  2. Cancrivora Rana (frog farm), living in rice fields and the body can reach 10 cm, brown stained body dibadannya.
  3. Rana Limnocharis (marsh frog), have flesh that tastes most delicious, size is only 8 cm.
  4. Musholini Rana (frog rock / giant). Only found in Sumatra, especially West Sumatra. weighed 1.5 kg. And length was 22 cm.

frog farming and its benefits 05 Frog Farming

frog farming and its benefits 07 Frog Farming

frog farming and its benefits 06 Frog Farming

Sunday, January 23, 2011

Update from Melvin!

Update from Melvin!

Black Friday online steals for pets!

Posted: 26 Nov 2010 10:47 AM PST

This is a little bit different, but I just wanted to share all of the deals I found online for Black Friday. I'm going to try and post up some great deals every Friday to try and give back to the community that has helped me through so much. I hope you find some wonderful presents for your furry babies, this year! KONG Favorites Dog Toys and Treats Combo Pack only $29.99 with FREE SHIPPING.

Saturday, January 22, 2011

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