Sunday, April 10, 2011

Plant and Fruit Salak

Posted: 09 Apr 2011 10:44 PM PDT

1fruits and fruit content 016 Plant and Fruit Salak

Salak is a kind of palm with commonly eaten fruit. He is known also as the sala. In English is called salak or snake fruit, while the scientific name is Salacca zalacca. The fruit is known as snake fruit due to his skin like snake scales.

Plants form Salak

Palma-shaped shrubs or almost not trunked, prickly lot, reptiles and breed a lot, grow into a clump of dense and strong. Stem creeping below or above ground, forming a rhizome, often branched, 10-15 cm diameter.

The compound leaves are pinnate, 3-7 m long, petiole, leaf midrib and its long prickly, thin and more, the color gray to blackish spines. Children lancet-shaped leaves with pointed tip, measuring up to 8 x 85 cm, the bottom side by a layer of whitish wax.

2salak plantation 02 Plant and Fruit Salak

Most married two (dioesis), located in the cob wreath compound that appears in the armpit leaves, stemmed, first covered by a sheath, which later dry up and break down into a similar fiber. Male flowers cob 50-100 cm in length, consisting of 4-12 grains each cylindrical length between 7-15 cm, with a lot of interest lies in the armpit reddish scales are arranged meeting. Cob female flowers 20-30 cm, long-stemmed, consisting of 1-3 grains reach 10 cm in length.

Fruit types of stone fruit slightly rounded triangular or inverted oval, tapering at the base and rounded at the ends, 2.5 to 10 cm long, covered by scales yellow brown to red brown shiny arranged like tiles, with many small spines are easily broken at the end of each scale. The walls of the middle pieces (sarkotesta) thick fleshy, creamy yellow to whitish; taste sweet, sour, or Sepat. Seeds 1-3 grains, brown to blackish, hard, 2-3 cm in length.

3salak plant form 03 Plant and Fruit Salak


Salak utilized mainly grown for its fruit, which is popular as a table fruit. In addition to fresh food, salak also used to make sweets, pickles, canned, or packaged as bark chips. Salak is a young used for salad ingredients. Umbut bark can be eaten.

Strands of leather leaf and stalk child leaves can be used as a woven material, although of course after-prickly thorns removed first.

Because the thorn-thorn nearly impenetrable, often planted as a grove fence barking. Similarly, pieces of leaves which had dried stalk is often used to arm the fence, or to protect the middle of fruit trees from thieves.

For such treatment to stop the diarrhea, so if most of the eating bark will cause difficulty defecating in the middle levels. barked skin sometimes also used in traditional Chinese medicine / herbs as ingredients.

4salak plant form 04 Plant and Fruit Salak

Diverse types and deployment

Salak found growing wild in the wild in the southwestern part of Java and southern Sumatra. However, the origin of bark that would not immediately known. Salak cultivated in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, to the east up to the Moluccas. Salak also been introduced to the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Queensland and Fiji.

Some experts consider bark that grows in northern Sumatra originated from a different species, namely S. sumatrana Becc .. S. zalacca itself divided again into two botanical varieties, namely var. zalacca of Java and var. amboinensis (Becc.) Mogea from Bali and Ambon.

Based kultivarnya, in Indonesia, people familiar with between 20 to 30 species under the species. Some of the more famous of them are barking Sidimpuan of North Sumatra, from Jakarta Condet salak, salak salak pondoh from Yogyakarta and Bali. Condet Salak is a floral province of DKI Jakarta.

6fruits and fruit content 06 Plant and Fruit Salak

Salak pondoh

Salak pondoh is phenomenal. Were developed at roughly the 1980s, the bark is sweet and crunchy fruit soon became an important prima donna in DIY. In 1999, these fruit production in Yogyakarta increased 100% in five years, reaching 28,666 tons. Popularity salak pondoh in consumer Indonesia tongue is not separated from the aroma and taste, the sweet taste fresh without Sepat, although the fruit is ripe enough yet though. [6]

The picture clearly shows the jump in production was rapidly than in previous years. Estimated production barked throughout Java until the 1980s only ranged from 7000-50000 tons, with the West Java region contributed approximately half of that amount. [3]

Salak pondoh itself there are a variety of more variants. Some famous of which is pondoh super, pondoh black, ivory pondoh, pondoh nglumut large, and others. In the region of DIY, barking pondoh production centers are the slopes of Mount Merapi area which includes the District Turi, Sleman regency.

Salak pondoh nglumut or often also called salak nglumut, named after the village was producing superior varieties of salak Nglumut Village which is also located on a bed of Merapi and included in Srumbung subdistrict, Magelang regency, Central Java.

Now pondoh salak plantation has expanded everywhere, like the region Wonosobo, Banjarnegara, Banyumas, Brass and others.

6salak plantation 05 Plant and Fruit Salak

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