Sunday, April 10, 2011

Bern Mountain Dog

Posted: 10 Apr 2011 06:57 AM PDT

Adult Bern Mountain Dog lying in the garden, long haired dog, hound dog

Bern Mountain Dog is a medium long-haired hound dog, dog with silky coat, intelligent dog, dog with aristocratic appearance

Bern mountain dog – an animal with an aristocratic appearance and ancient purebred lines – has long been living on farms in the central part of Switzerland. One of the four varieties of Swiss mountain dogs – Bern, known at home as the Berner Sennenhund, – the characteristic coat color similar to their counterparts, but only she is one of the four types has a long, silky coat. The other three are called the Appenzeller Sennenhund, Entlebuher Sennenhund and Great Swiss Mountain Dog. These rocks have worked peregonschikami cattle guards and farms mainly in the canton of Bern.
Ancestors of these dogs were brought to Switzerland by the Roman soldiers for more than two millennia ago. But a few years before the First World War have forgotten about them all but the oldest inhabitants of Berne. The breed is still kept in the Duerbaha, but has degenerated to such an extent that it became virtually unrecognizable. When in 1892 the Swiss breeder Franz Shertenlayb decided to find a good dog for breeding, it took a long time. Nevertheless, he was lucky and Bern mountain dog became interested in some more fans. The restoration of species and under the guidance of renowned geologist, expert dog handlers and dogs Professor Albert Heim was a success.
In 1907, the Club was established Bern mountain dog and the breed became popular in Switzerland. Many plants them as pets and companions, even though their homes they continued to work on farms.
Berne dog – a surprisingly hardy animal that loves cold weather. In order to look well-groomed hair, it must be daily comb. For the full emotional development of human society it is necessary. They are easily trained, always confident and extremely loyal.
For the first time the breed was brought to the United States in 1926 and registered in the American Kennel Club in 1937

picture of male Bern Mountain Dog,Bernese hound dog

Picture of Bernese hound dog

Bern mountain dog. Official Standard
Approved February 10, 1990

General view. Bern mountain – Three large dog with a strong and harmonious addition. Sufficiently intelligent, strong and agile, designed for pastoral work, which performs in the mountains of his homeland. Sexual type is clearly marked.

Growth, proportion, composition. Height: Males – 64 – 70 cm, females – 58 – 66 cm
Although the type of format Bern mountain dog’s square, in fact it is slightly stretched.
Skeleton strong.

Head. Expression of the eyes smart, lively and good. The eyes are dark brown and slightly oval in shape, with tight fitting edges century. Ears of medium size, set high, triangular, slightly rounded at the ends, in the quiescent state close to head. When the dog is alert, the ears are turned forward and lifted at the bottom (the ends of the ears are at a level skull). The skull is flat and wide, with a shallow hollow in the middle and well-defined, but not too sharp transition from forehead to muzzle. The muzzle is strong and straight. Nose black. Lips tight, and since the Berne mountain – a dog with dry lips, Flews allocated only lightly. Teeth meet in a scissor bite. Teeth in the kit.
Vices: Entropy, ectropion eyelids; undershot or overshot.

Bern Mountain Dog lying in the wood with protruding tongue, long-haired dog, intelligent dog, rescue dog

Bern Mountain rescue dog lying with protruding tongue

Neck, Topline, Body. Neck Strong, muscular, of medium length. Topline: Straight from the withers to the croup. The chest is deep and the volume with enough ribs, but not barrel shaped, comes, at least to the elbows. The back is broad and strong. Loins strong. The croup is broad and smoothly rounded to the base of the tail. The tail is fluffy, “fox”, in a calm state furred down. In the excited – in curls. Tail vertebrae are connected in a straight line and reach the hock joint or below.
Faults: tail in the ring or brushed over the back, curved tail.

Forequarters. Scapula oblique, tight, muscular, in any case is not free (with poorly developed muscles). The forelegs are straight and sturdy, rack your elbows are directly under the withers. Pasterns slightly sloping, but in any case weak. Fifth fingers may be disposed of. Feet round, compact, arched.

Hind limbs. Hips wide, strong and muscular. The angle of the knee joint is moderately expressed, hocks low omitted. Metatarsus steep and straight when viewed from behind. The dewclaws may be removed. Feet are compact, with no partition and clubfoot

Coat a thick, moderately long and slightly wavy or straight, has a natural sheen.
Bern mountain dog shows in its natural form and for excessively well-groomed hair is removed from the ring.
Vices: too curly or a dull coat.

Color and markings. Bern mountain dog – a three-color color (tricolor). Basic color – jet black.
Thick, rusty spots and pure white flowers. Desirable symmetrical arrangement of spots.
Tan-colored rust is located above the eyes, cheeks, will continue, at least until the corners of the mouth, on both sides of the chest, legs and a tail. On the head – through the forehead to the snout – is located a white blaze, muzzle wrapped in white. White spot on his chest, as a rule, forms an inverted cross. End of tail is white. Preferred white on his paws, but he should not go above the pastern and plus.
Stains and markings described above are considered to be defect, the severity of which depends on the degree of deviation.
Flaws: white limbs or white collar.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: Any base color other than black.

Movement. The natural working gait of the Bern mountain dog – a slow trot. Nevertheless, as a shepherd and Gurtovoi dog, it is fairly agile and able to develop considerable speed. Vymah forehand is good. Powerful impetus to the hindquarters is transmitted through direct spin. Movement economical. Front and rear legs move in the same plane. With increasing speed, the limbs close to the center line of gravity.

Temperament. The character of a lively, good-natured, in any case not aggressive and not shy. Bern mountain always confident, balanced, although it may avoid the attention of strangers to her.

Blue eyes.
Any base color color other than black


Posted: 10 Apr 2011 06:37 AM PDT

Adult Boxer dog with red collar lying under the tree, dog, musculalr dog, cute dog, guard dog

This is a Boxer breed dog, a dog of medium size, short-haired dog, very smart and intelligent breed dog, Boxer is the best police dog ever

The breed was perfected in Germany during the last hundred years, although the boxer comes from dogs known throughout Europe from the XVI century. Until that time, the ancestors of the breed is so little resembled their modern descendants, which put them side by side, hardly anyone could have figured out about their relationship. Nevertheless, it is clear that the boxer has its origins from ancient fighting dogs from the high mountain valleys of Tibet.
Boxer - a cousin of virtually all recognized breeds of bulldog type, which originate from Molosser dog. Few other species have such courage and endurance, and it goes back to mollossoids nice fawn (tan) color, repeated for many centuries in a row.
Flemish tapestries XVI – XVII centuries, with scenes of hunting deer and wild boars represent the type of dogs, reminiscent of the Spanish Alano, which in large quantities can be found in Andalusia and Extremadura, and Maten de Terceira or Perro Presa up from the Azores. Alano and the Perro Presa to see as the same breed – either they are the ancestors of the boxer, or are descended from common ancestors.
In France there is a breed known as the Bordeaux mastiff, which is very close in appearance and size to the old Tibetan Mastiff. It is from this massive dog is Bouldogue du Mida – yuzhnofrantsuzskaya dog has many similarities with the boxer.
All of the above-mentioned species are related to the boxer, but a boxer, a favorite of Germany, is derived from scientific methods, resulting in not only been saved all the old qualities, but also received a more attractive appearance. In addition to blood bulldog, a boxer is also a certain part of the blood terriers. There is reason to believe that in Germany at one time imported English bulldogs. Indeed, the famous bulldog Reynaglya, who died in 1803, in appearance resembles a boxer, and some English dogs 1850 are almost identical to this German breed.
While in the middle of the XIX century, most civilized countries have banned dog fighting, boxer, as well as all the dogs of its type, was used for this purpose. Today, becoming a full member of society, he still retained the old fearlessness, the ability to protect themselves and, when necessary, aggressive. At the same time he devoted to his master

Gourgeous adult Boxer dog lying on the floor, short haired dog, dog with metal collar, police dog

Boxer police dog lying on the floor

Quality boxer can best be emphasized, remembering that it was the first breed, selected for police work in Germany. She demanded that the dogs mind, courage, alertness character and strength.
Given that the entire modern history of the boxer is associated with Germany, a little strange that he is a typical English name. Nevertheless, it suits him. Name of the breed comes from the way a boxer fights because he’s sure beginning to fight its front paws – just like boxing people.
For the first time the breed was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1904 and the first exhibition held in 1915, but a real interest in the boxer in the United States emerged only in 1940. He came through numerous title “Best in Show”, won Best of Breed.

Boxer. Official Standard
Approved March 14, 1989

General view. Boxer - a dog of medium size, square format and sturdy build, with short back, strong limbs and short, tight coat. His strong, well-developed muscles are embossed under the tight skin. Movement energetic, determined and resilient, confident and sweeping step, upright posture. Bred to be working and guard dog and companion dog, a boxer combines strength and agility with elegance and grace. His alert expression in his eyes and a balanced temperament, it is easy to train.
Elegant, beautiful shaped head attached to a boxer unique, but it has its own personality. It is proportional to the size of the body. Broad, blunt muzzle is characteristic of the breed, special importance has its proper form and harmonious combination of the skull.
When judging the Boxer should first pay attention to the general view, a significant role in which play an attractive color and elegance of a dog. Next is the harmony of composition, with special attention should be turned on its head, and then examined the individual articles and the right move

Cute baby Boxer playing with wooden stick, puppy boxer, puppies, cute dogs

Boxer puppy playing with wooden stick in the garden

Growth, proportion, composition. Height: Males – 57 – 63.5 cm, females – 53 – 60 cm
Paramount is the harmony of the addition and exterior of the dog, since the restrictions on height at the shoulder does not exist.
Aspect ratio: square format (the distance from humeroscapular joint to point of buttock equal to height at the withers).
Build: strong, well-developed muscles and relief. Females more easily add, than dogs.

Head. The beauty of the head depends on the correct proportions of the muzzle and skull. Blunt snout about one-third of head length (measured from the occiput to the nose). Head dry – no deep folds of skin that usually appear on the forehead when the dog is alert. Should be folds of skin extending from the base of the nose back on the sides of the muzzle. Expression of the eyes smart and cautious. The eyes are dark brown, not too small, not too protruding or too deeply set. They reflect the mood of a dog, and in conjunction with the wrinkles on the forehead gives the boxer its specific form. Ears are set high on the edges of the skull, badly cropped, medium length, triangular, erect. When excited by strong stand on the cartilage and are directed straight ahead. The skull is slightly convex, not rounded and not flat, not too wide, with a weakly pronounced occipital protuberance. Between the eyes of a superficial groove. The transition from forehead to muzzle pronounced. Cheeks are relatively flat, not protruding (no schekastosti), keeping the straight line of the skull, the muzzle converge to a smooth, graceful line. Muzzle of equal length, width and depth. Its shape is determined by the structure of the jaw, dentition, structure of the lips. The nasal bridge is not lowered and is not hollow, straight nose is just above the back of the nose, broad and black. The upper jaw is equally broad, slightly narrowed in front. Lips front reach rim of the lower lip. Thick upper lip fills the empty space formed by the snack, and the side supported by the lower jaw teeth, which are wide apart and large enough. The front part of the muzzle is as wide and square, when viewed from the side – a short one. The chin should be given much ahead when viewed as a side and front. Bite bite, that is, the lower jaw comes forward from the top and slightly curved upwards. Mandibular incisors are located linearly, canines preferably vertically standing and are in line with the incisors, so that the jaw was as wide as possible. The upper line of incisors is slightly protruding, while extreme teeth closely go for the lower canine teeth on both sides.
Vices: an overly broad skull; shekastost; too deep folds of skin on the head or the lack thereof; brylyastost; too easy muzzle against the skull, too pointed muzzle, excessive undershot, teeth or tongue, which are visible when the mouth is closed. Too bright eyes compared with the main color.

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is round in cross section, rather long, muscular, lean – without suspension. Do boxer clearly stands scruff, neck, elegantly curved and smoothly into the withers. The topline is smooth, strong and slightly sloping. Chest is wide enough, sternum expressed and given in advance. The thorax is deep, reaching to the elbows. Body depth at the very bottom is half the height at the withers. False ribs are long, the real – rather prominent, but the chest is not barrel shaped. Back short, straight, muscular and strong. The loin is short and muscular. Abdomen slightly tucked. The croup is slightly sloped, flat and wide. Tail Set high, lifted up, docked. The pelvis is long, and females – more than wide.
Faults: short neck, and loaded, too broad or too narrow, flat chest, small chest, straight edge (no protruding sternum); dropped belly long and narrow, weak loin; sharply sloping croup high zadost

Boxer puppy close picture, cute dog, puppy, boxer baby dog

Boxer Puppy with big black eyes

Forequarters. Shoulder blades are long and oblique, tight and moderately muscled (not loaded). Humerus is long, scapulohumeral angle of about 90 °. Elbows should not be too strongly pressed to the body or too much to depart from it. The forelegs are long, straight, strong-muscled, seen from the front parallel to each other. The pasterns are strong and slightly sloping. Fifth fingers may be removed. Feet are compact, svodis-Tide, without outwards or clubfoot.
Flaws: “free” or loaded shoulders; deployed in or out elbows.

Hindquarters Powerful, muscular, with good angulation, balanced with a belt of upper limbs.
Hips wide, rounded; muscles strong, sturdy, well-developed. Femur and tibia are long. The angle of the knee joint pronounced hock low omitted. When viewed from the rear hind legs straight, hocks turning neither in nor out, neither inside. When viewed from the side of the paw almost vertical or slightly inclined, short, strong and dry.
Flaws: straightened hind limbs or excessively angulated, underdeveloped muscles, too massive hips, bowed, short or vysokono-guest; dewclaws.

The coat is short, shiny, smooth and tight to the body.

Color fawn (tan), and mackerel.
Reindeer – various shades of pale yellowish-brown (pale yellow) to the color of mahogany.
Brindle – ranging from rare scattered but clear black lines on the background to the deer is so broad black bands, the main antler von barely, but it is clearly visible (this can create the impression reverse brindle).
White spots are arranged to emphasize the appearance of a dog, but should not take more than one-third of the basic color. On the face white may replace part of the mask, it is very important for color, and can last up to a blaze between the eyes, but white on the muzzle should not be excessive so as not to disrupt expression of the boxer.
Faults: White spots on the sides of the hull or on the back.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: any color other than fawn or brindle, white spots, which occupy over 30% of the basic color.

Movement. When observing the right side of the angulation of front and hind limbs appear in a smooth, best-selling and boldly step with a powerful push freely moving hind limbs. While the hind limbs are not involved in the clean and jerk, the dog should be sufficient vymah in order to prevent the crossing of the limbs or sideways movement (the Crab). When observing the front shoulders should be straight and your elbows are not turned inside out. Limbs parallel to each other at a slow trot, with increasing speed of the front legs close to the center line of gravity, but do not cross. A line drawn from humeroscapular joint to the feet – straight, but not necessarily perpendicular to the ground. When observing from behind should not be a rump movement horizontally. Hind legs should “push” and move about on the same line with the front. With increasing speed is usually a broad set of footprints hind legs and narrows.
Flaws: stilted or related movement; pacing.

Character and temperament are of paramount importance. Boxer – Hearing instinctive guard dog. He has a watchful, proud and confident demeanor. On the show ring his behavior should be to show intense excitement. With family and friends, he is playful and patient with children and reserved. Careful and cautious with strangers, the boxer will exhibit curiosity, and, importantly, courage under threat. Nevertheless, the sincere desire to make friends he would respond in kind. His intelligence, dedication, devotion and good learning ability make it an indispensable companion.
Vices: the lack of dignity and alertness, shyness, nervousness, cowardice

Any color other than fawn or brindle. White spots, the area of ??which exceeds 30% of the basic color


Posted: 10 Apr 2011 05:45 AM PDT

Adult Bullmastiff dog sitting in the garden with protruding tongue

Bullmastiff breed dog is strong and muscular dog, lively and intelligent dog, The coat of  Bullmastiff dog is short and thick, this is a great guard dog

Known history Bullmastiff begins about 1860 in England. Perhaps the history of the breed dates back several centuries.
By the end of XIX century in England rose sharply the problem of protecting large estates and parks from the raids of poachers. Punishment for them were brutal, but it turned out that poaching can not be stopped by law. Accordingly rangers life was hardly easy or safe. Poachers often preferred to engage in a gunfight with rangers than suffer the punishment which would follow if they are caught. It is therefore not surprising that hunters have decided to resort to using the most reliable defender, which nature has endowed man – to help the dog. Rangers did not care how it looks, if only dog ??served them faithfully.
The test is passed, many of the breed. Brave and powerful mastiff lacked the speed and aggressiveness, a strong and active bulldog – that he was in those days – was too fierce and tall enough. Rangers wanted a dog that would not bark at the approach of poachers and fearlessly attacked them on command. Violators of forest boundaries should catch and fell to the ground, but not maim.
To launch a new dog and bull mastiff crossed, so the breed bullmastiff was born for purely utilitarian purposes. Huntsman repeatedly argued about the quality of their dogs, while continuing dilution of the principle – “survival of the fittest.” For many years, bullmastiff used only as working dogs. The only person with whom they competed, was a man. In those days, bullmastiff often called “gamekeepers night dog”.
Nowadays you can find interesting documents relating to the birth of rock. One of them appeared in the book “Taming the Dog,” published in 1885: “The bullmastiff good feel. I knew a mestizo – of the Bullmastiff and Mastiff – who could walk on the trail of a man no worse Bloodhound.

The newspaper “Field” of 20 August 1901 we find the following: “Mr. Burton from the nursery Thorneywood led to the exhibition” night dog “(not rings) and offered one pound to anyone who could get away from it. A dog wearing a muzzle and one of the breeders, lovers volunteered to compete with it, much to posmeshil numerous audience, composed mostly of hunters and gamekeepers. When he ran, released the dog, which quickly overtook chased and knocked him to the ground from the first throw. Downcast bravely tried to fight with the animal, but it knocked him off his feet whenever he ascended, and in the end he remained lying pressed against the ground until the owner of the dogs are not pulled it. The man tried three times to escape, but to no avail – every time a dog poured it. ”
For such work preferred dogs dark brindle, because it is less noticeable. The breed gained popularity after the cast-on blood mastiff and the emergence of a large number of light-deer dogs.
With the disappearance of poaching Bullmastiff was used as a guard dog, and deer color became a major. Black mask and dark-colored ears bullmastiff inherited from the Mastiff. Finally, thanks to the increased popularity of the breed enthusiasts were on a scientific basis breeding purebred dogs. Rock type stabilized by 1924, when it recognized English Kennel Club. In those years separated M?tis and purebred bullmastiff. Purebred dog is considered to be three generations of which were free from the mastiff and bulldog. In several exhibitions were given separate breed ring, and in 1928 it became award of titles and issue a certificate of a candidate for champions.
Over time, bullmastiff found in many countries because they were exported from Britain to Thailand, India, Federation of Malaysia, Africa and America. Short coat was very comfortable in hot climates, however the dog can live outdoors and in cold weather.
American Kennel Club recognized the Bullmastiff in October of 1933, and since then he has won many friends in the U.S

Five Bullmastiff puppies playing in a red cart, baby Bullmastiff, breed dog, cute puppies

Five Baby Bullmastiff dogs playing in a red car

Bullmastiff. Official Standard
Approved February 8, 1992

General view. Harmoniously built, mobile dog that leaves the impression of great strength and endurance. The base rock is 60% mastiff and 40% Bulldog. Breed bred rangers in England to protect the hunting grounds from poachers.

Growth, proportion, composition. Height: Males – 63.5 – 68.5 cm, females – 61 – 66 cm
Weight: Males – 50 – 59 kg, females – 45 – 54 kg.
Ceteris paribus preferred over tightly folded dog.
Proportions: The length of humeroscapular joint to point of buttock slightly longer than the height at the withers, causing the dog looks almost square.

Head. Expression of the eyes insightful, lively and intelligent. Dark eyes, medium size. Ears of medium size, in the form of an equilateral triangle, close fitting to the cheeks, wide, far and high delivered (between the occipital protuberance and cheeks) – attach to the square shape of the skull. In the ears darker ground color. Skull large, broad, with well developed shekami, when the dog is alert, on the head, there are many folds of skin. Forehead flat. The transition from forehead to muzzle is moderately expressed. The muzzle is broad and deep. Ratio of length of muzzle to the head length – 1:3. The muzzle is dark. Nose black with large and wide-open nostrils. Flews not too pendulous. Bite the line, allowed tight undershot. Fangs are large and wide apart.
Disqualifying faults: a shortened, turned up, with high-set nostrils, muzzle, that is the type bulldog.

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is slightly arched, medium length, muscular, almost equal to the circumference of the skull. Topline straight and level from withers to loins. Compact housing. Chest broad and deep, with enough ribs, well furred between the front legs. Back short, leaving the impression of a harmonious built dog. Loins wide, muscular and slightly arched, groin moderately tucked up. Tail Set high, strong at root, tapering to a close, comes to the hock. It can be straight or curved, but in any case not like the tail setter.

Strong adult Bullmastiff dog in the park, large dog, muscullar dog, brave dog

Adult Bullmastiff dog playing in the park

Forequarters. Scapula muscular but not loaded, slightly sloping. The forelegs are straight with strong bone structure, wide-set. Elbows turning neither in nor out. Pasterns straight, feet of medium size, with round arched toes. Pads thick and firm, nails black.

Hindquarters Broad and muscular, with well-developed, powerful, but not rude hips. Angle of the hock joint moderately expressed.
Faults: Cow hocks, loose legs.

The coat is short and thick, well protected from the weather.

Color Red, fawn (tan) or brindle.
A small amount of white on the chest.
Flaws: white spots.

Movement of the free, smooth and powerful. When viewed from the side of you-max front and push the hindquarters show a balance of moderate angles of joints. Spin in this case remains straight and strong. Seen from the front and rear of the dog moves in a straight line. With increasing speed legs converge under the body closer to the center line of gravity, but do not intersect. Joints at the same time turning neither in nor out.

Temperament. Dog shows courage, confidence and yet obedient to his master. Combines the reliability, intelligence and desire to be helpful, which makes it an excellent companion and protector of the family

Doberman Pinscher

Posted: 10 Apr 2011 05:28 AM PDT

Large Doberman Pinscher with collar, short haired dog

Doberman Pinscher is a aggressive large dog, short dark-haired breed dog, Great hunting and guarding dog, dog with temperament

Doberman in a relatively short time has become a dog with stable type exterior and temperament than gained popularity in many countries. It brought about in 1890 in Germany, in Apolda, Thuringia, and was officially recognized in 1900. It received its name after its creator Louis Doberman.

Medium size, fine lines, Doberman at first glance seems easy and defenseless. Its composition is so compact, the muscles are so strong, but the silhouette is so elegant, that does not know Doberman person is likely to err in determining its weight kilograms to seven or ten. However, the weight is only misleading feature of Doberman pinscher.

Muscularity, speed give the impression of a clever and strong athlete, but vigilance and explosive temperament impossible not to notice. Its no secret thick and long hair. When looking at a Doberman right impression muscular, agile and powerful athlete.

In Doberman very noble appearance. Compared with most other breeds it – a dog with a blue blood aristocrat. Of a strong muzzle and a wedge of the head and to a pronounced knee silhouette crisp and sharp. Fearless and simultaneously questioning the expression of dark eyes harmonizes with the exterior.

Doberman looks at strangers safely and accurately assess their intentions. If need be, he would immediately raise the alarm and protect the owner or his property. Nevertheless, he is loving, obedient and faithful friend

Two adult Doberman Pinscher dogs outdoor, large dogs, breed dog

Two Doberman Pinscher outdoor in the park

Foundation rocks were old shorthaired shepherd mixed with blood Rottweiler, black and tan terrier and the smooth coat German Pinscher. Dobermans are lucky in the fact that using the method of selective screening it has acquired the positive qualities of all breeds, which are involved in its excretion.

From the outset, the Doberman was a working dog, loyal servant to man. Blooded and well-behaved Doberman proved to be a friend and protector of rights, its such qualities as intelligence and ability to quickly perceive and assimilate long learning, made him a reliable assistant in the police and army, which is also highly appreciated the speed and courage. Doberman – beautiful bloodhound and a hunter, due to its wonderful instinct.

In the United States, the popularity of the breed club supported the American Doberman pinscher, was founded in February 1921. On the number of registered dogs Doberman is one of the first places

Cute Doberman Pinscher puppy playing in the park, breed dog, cute dog

Cute brown short-haired Doberman Pinscher puppy playing outdoor

Doberman pinscher. Official Standard
Approved February 6, 1982 Revised November 6, 1990

General view. Doberman pinscher – a compact, muscular and sturdy dog ??of medium size, square format, elegant appearance and dignified bearing, possessing great stamina and ability to develop more speed. Energetic, watchful, determined, incredulous, fearless, loyal and obedient.

Growth, proportion, composition. Height: Males – 66 – 71 cm, ideal height – about 70 cm, females – 61 – 66 cm, ideal height – about 65 cm
The height of the dog measured from the highest point of withers to the ground, equal in length, measured from the junction to humeroscapular buttock. Length of head, neck and limbs is proportional to the length and depth of the housing.

The head is long and dry. When viewed from the front and side in the form of a blunt wedge. Viewed from the front head gently expands to the bottom of the ears. Eyes almond shaped, moderately deep set, with lively, energetic expression. The color of the iris to match the main color, varying from medium to dark brown in black dogs; in red, blue and deer color of the iris in tone tan, but the darker color is preferable in any case. Ears normally cropped and erect. The upper edges of the ears, if they are delivered, are at the top of the skull. The skull is flat, with easy transition from forehead to muzzle. Line of the muzzle is parallel to the skull. Cheeks flat and muscular. Nose is pure black in black dogs, dark brown – a red, dark gray – with blue, brown – a deer dogs. His lips are dry, fit snugly in the jaws. Jaws long and strong, well filled under eyes. Teeth strong, white. Lower incisors are planted vertically and interlock with the inner part of the upper incisors – scissors bite. 42 properly placed teeth: 22 on the bottom and 20 on the upper jaw. Teeth, damaged after the plague, not a disadvantage.

ELIMINATING FAULTS: Overshot more than 0,5 cm, undershot more than 0,3 cm, 4 or more missing teeth.

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is lean, muscular, high-pitched, arched, gracefully widening towards the shoulder. The length of the neck is proportional to the length of body and head. Withers: Pronounced, forms the highest part of the body. Back short, strong, fairly broad. Topline: Straight from the withers to the slightly rounded croup.

Chest broad, oval, with going beyond the shoulder line of the sternum. Ribs fairly prominent on the spine, but flattened at the bottom so as not to obstruct the elbows. The rib cage is lowered to the elbows. The belly is slightly tucked up, graceful line continues to the bottom line of the chest. Loins wide and muscular. Hips broad in proportion to the body, the width of the hips is approximately equal to the depth of the body from the shoulders. The tail is docked approximately at the second vertebra, is a continuation of the topline, a dog When alert is it just above the horizontal.

Forequarters. Scapula oblique with respect to the vertical angle of 45 °, the angle of articulation with the humerus – 90 °. Shoulder length is the length of the humerus. Height from withers to elbow is approximately equal to the height from the elbow to the ground. Limb when viewed from front and side, perfectly straight and parallel to each other, muscular and sinewy, with massive bone. In the rack and move your elbows pinned to the chest. The pasterns are strong and almost vertical. Fifth fingers may be removed. Feet well arched, compact, round, without outwards or clubfoot

cute baby Doberman Pinscher puppy playing in the garden, breed dog, puppy, dark-haired dog, short coated

Baby Doberman Pinscher playing in the garden

Hindquarters. Angulation hind limbs are balanced with angulation of forequarters. The sacrum connects with the spine at an angle of about 30 °, forming a slightly rounded, well filled grains. Thighs are at right angles to the ilium, the long, wide, covered with well-developed muscles, the angles of knee and hock joints are well expressed. Tibia and tarsus equal in length. In free standing position shank set vertically. When viewed from the rear limbs are straight, parallel to each other, set wide enough to fit the proportions of the body. The dewclaws, if any, are removed. Paws “cat”, as the forelegs, neither turning out nor inside.

Coat straight, short, tight, hard to the touch, thick. Allowed gray undercoat on neck.

Color and markings. Permissible colors: black, red, blue and fawn (Isabella or yellowish-brown).
Fall into the rust-colored (reddish brown) with clearly defined borders, located above the eyes, on muzzle, throat, front of chest, legs and a tail.
Allowed a white spot on his chest, not exceeding 3 cm in diameter.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: color, not covered by the standard.

Movement of the free, balanced and vigorous, with good reach and powerful forehand push back. Trot is particularly noticeable strong push hindquarters. Rear legs moving in a straight line to the front, are not released nor out, neither inside. Spin in this case remains straight and strong. On a fast trot is one set of footprints (footprints).

Temperament. Nature of the energetic, watchful, determined, incredulous, fearless, loyal and obedient.

The examiner should be removed from the ring any shy or vicious Doberman. Timidity – dog evades the inspection by the judge was afraid when she was fit behind, scared of unexpected and unusual sounds. Malignancy – a dog that attacks or attempts to attack the referee or his handler.
Aggressive or belligerent attitude towards other dogs is not malice.

Any deviation from the specified standard must be punished according to the degree of expression of this deviation.

Overshot more than 0,5 cm
Overshot more than 0,3 cm
Four or more missing teeth.
Custom color

Great Dane

Posted: 10 Apr 2011 04:34 AM PDT

Great Dane Largest dog in the world, big dog, short haired dog, huge dog

Great Dane is the largest dog in the world, very huge and short haired dog, patchy dog. Great Dane breed dog

In appearance and character of the dog - one of the most elegant and wonderful large breeds. Name of the breed (in English) – translation of the old French name, grand Danois means “big Danish.” This is just one of a dozen titles that existed in France for several centuries. Why English is adopted “big Danish”, will forever remain a mystery. At the same time the French call a breed dogue allemand, or “German mastiff”. “Mastiff” in English, «dogge» in German, «dogue» or «dogo» Latin mean the same thing, namely: very large dog with a heavy head, designed for battle or hunting. This
1 Title adopted by the U.S. and the UK. The generally accepted names of – the German dog. (Note Ed.)
Rrbochtse dogs
was one of dozens of dogs, is highlighted in a certain breed and has earned its own name.
Reasons to associate Denmark with the emergence or development of the breed, no. She first appeared in Germany, and that the Germans were in the lead in bringing the most outstanding representatives of this breed.
The reader will obviously be interested to know that, according to archaeologist Cassel, one of Egypt’s monuments, dated around 3000 BC. er., there are images of dogs, very reminiscent of the Danish dog. The earliest written source mentioning a similar dog, belongs to 1121 BC. er. found it in Chinese literature.
Zoologists believe that the ancestors mastifopodobnyh species have appeared in Asia and that the modern Tibetan mastiff, which can sometimes be seen at shows in England – a direct descendant of the Asian dogs.
The great naturalist Buffon (1707 – 1788) considered the main successor to the Irish wolfhound dog. French naturalist Cuvier (1769 – 1832) found evidence that the Irish wolfhound is derived from the English Mastiff. It is known that both the Irish and British breed carefully derived for over 1300 years. Today, most scientists believe that the Great Dane, or Deutsche Dogge, remember, and by crossing these two ancient rocks. However, we must not think that the German Mastiff or Great Dane – a new breed. In fact, it is sufficient for many years, since the dog as a certain type of dog developed over 400 years, if not more. Like all old dog breed, is derived for polzovatelnyh goals. The Germans used it as a hound on a hunt for wild boars. Old European wild boar was one of the most ferocious, powerful, fast and well “armed” animal of the Old World. To grips with the boar, sverhsobaka needed, and that it brought the Germans. Fans of the breed say about doge as king of all dogs

Great Dane dog with red collar lying on the grass in the park, breed dog, huge dog, large dog

White Great Dane dog  lying on the grass

The history of development and formation of rocks from the end of the XIX century. In 1880 in Berlin, Dr. Bodinus assembled judges Danish dog, who decided that the breed should be called Deutsche dogge and all other brand names, especially the term “great Dane”, should be abolished. This decision is respected, in German, but English-speaking countries have not paid any attention to him. Italians are great lovers of dogs, also did not want to pay tribute to the Germans: they called their dogs «alano», which means “mastiff” in accordance with the organization name, Custodian dogs were mastiffs Italian club. This, however, has not prevented closer cooperation lovers dogs of both countries. The leading Italian breeders only worked with dogs imported from Germany, and their descendants.
In 1891, the German club a large Danish dogs took the breed standard, or official description of the ideal dog. In 1885 he was created by the large Danish Mastiff Club of England, and in 1889 in Chicago, was founded by German Mastiff Club of America or a large Danish dogs under the chairmanship of Mr. Mussa-Arnoldta. Two years later was renamed the American club of a large Danish dogs. In those years, it consisted mainly of dog lovers from the East Coast. Gradually Dane is gaining popularity worldwide. Breeders remember that dog was created to hunt wild boar, and that it required special qualities of the dog. Grow a beautiful dog just was not enough. She was supposed to be big, heavy, fast and sturdy. What else can be demanded from a dog

Patchy Great Dane dog playing outdoor, large dog, short haired big dog,

Largest Great Dane dog playing outside

Big Great Dane. Official Standard
Approved September 11, 1990

General view. Big Great Dane combines royal, dignified appearance, strength and elegance with a large size and strength, a strong addition to the relief muscles. He is one of the largest working breeds, and so perfectly composed that, despite its size, never looks awkward and moves with a long vymahom front and a powerful push the hindquarters.
Great Dane must be spirited, courageous, in any case not shy, and always friendly and reliable. This combination of conformation and temperament gives his greatness, which does not have any other breed.
A distinctive feature of this breed is also the fact that males piled much stronger and females – an elegant and graceful.
Vices: the lack of breed type specified in the standard.

Growth, proportion, composition. Males heavier than females, they are larger, with a massive bone structure. The format of the square, although females may be more extended – while maintaining harmonious composition.
The height of males at the withers at least 76 cm, preferably – 81 cm or more (subject to harmonic addition). Females – at least 71 cm, preferably – 76 cm or more (subject to harmonic addition).
Flaws: rough or easy to build.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: Dogs are below the minimum limit of the height at the withers.

Head is rectangular, long, expressive, well filled, particularly under the eyes. When viewed from the side of the transition from forehead to muzzle sharply delineated. Top line of skull and top line of muzzle straight and parallel. The transition from forehead to muzzle deep with a square jaw is underlined by a smooth line without bony protrusions (raw lips are undesirable)., Masculinity males emphasizes the appearance of the head; females head more graceful. When viewed from the top edge of the skull are parallel, a broad nose. Muscles on the cheeks must not stand. The length of the muzzle from nose to move to the forehead is the length of the skull from the transition to a muzzle to a weakly pronounced occiput. The angles of the head clearly defined, all its sides are flat and are proportional to the size of the dog. Whiskers can be trimmed or left in its natural state. Eyes medium sized, deep-set, dark, with a lively and intelligent expression. Almond-shaped eyelids, tight, eyebrows are well developed. When Color Class Harlequin eyes should be dark, bright and pale eyes, eyes of different colors are undesirable, but acceptable. Ears of medium size, moderately thick, high set, hanging on the cartilage and forward. Base of the ear – at the level of the skull. Cropped ears are symmetrical, upright and proportional to the size of the head. Nose black, except for dogs, blue color, whose nose of dark blue-black. Dogs with coat “harlequin” allowed black-speckled nose. Teeth strong, firm, white, incl. The incisors of the lower jaw slightly touch the ground inside surface of upper incisors – scissors bite.
Disadvantages: bite or nonlinear located incisors.
Flaws: expression by the third eyelid and slanting eyes, pink nose, undershot, overshot, wry jaw.
Disqualifying defects: a split nose

two adult Great Dane dogs running on the beach, Great Dane breed dog, large dog

Two Great Dane dogs running together on the beach

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is strong, dry, high set, convex, long and muscular. From the neck it is gradually increasing and smoothly into the withers. Withers smoothly into a short, straight back, going to a wide waist. Chest broad, deep and muscular. The front part of the breast volume, sternum protruding. Thorax with a rather elastic ribs comes up to the elbows, belly moderately tucked up. The croup is broad and slightly sloping.

Tail High set, continuing the line of the back, thick at the base, gradually tapering to an end, along comes the hock. At rest, dropped down in an excited state or in motion is slightly lifted, but in no case higher than the level of the back.
Faults: Tail “hook” or “ring”.

Forequarters when viewed from the side of the strong and muscular. Scapula strong and sloping, forming an angle with the humerus, as much as possible approaches the line. A line drawn from the upper end of the scapula to the back of the elbow, should be perpendicular. Ligaments and muscles connecting the shoulder blade to the rib cage, strong and sturdy in order to avoid the “free” shoulder. Scapula and the humerus of the same length. The elbow is half the distance from the withers to the ground. The pasterns are strong and slightly sloping. Feet round, compact, arched outwards or without deformity. Nails short, strong and as dark as possible, while in dogs with coat “harlequin” they may be lighter. Fifth fingers may be disposed of.

Hindquarters strong, broad and muscular, with angulated. When viewed from the rear hocks low-pubescent, laid back, not close together and not unfolded. Hind paws are round, compact and well arched, turning neither in nor out, neither inside. Nails short, strong and as dark as possible, while in dogs with coat “harlequin” they may be lighter.
Serious defects: a wolf’s claws “(dewclaws).

Coat is short, thick, straight and tight, shiny.

Paint, stains and markings.
Mackerel: the golden-yellow background clearly painted black stripes in shevronovom1 figure. Preferred black mask. Edge of the eyelids and eyebrows are black, black may also be the ears and the tail end. The more saturated the color and the more precisely and evenly placed black bars, the better.
Disadvantages: too rare or too frequent bands, white spots on chest and paws, a black chest in the front, the band dirty-gray color.
Reindeer: yellow-golden color with a black mask. Edge of the eyelids and eyebrows are black, black may be the ears and the tail end. It prefers rich yellow-gold.
Disadvantages: white patches on chest and paws, a black chest in the front, dirty fawn color.
Blue: Pure steel-blue.
Disadvantages: white spots on the chest and legs.
Black: glossy black.
Disadvantages: white spots on the chest and legs.
“Harlequin”: the mostly pure white background, black spots of irregular shape, randomly scattered throughout the body. Pure white neck is preferred. Black patches should not be large, to merge into saddle and not so small that the dog looked mottled.
Disadvantages: A few small gray spots or vkraplenie black hair on white wool, which may give coloring form of a “pepper and salt” or dingy hue.
Disadvantages: Any deviation in color or stains and marks from those in the standard, the severity of which depends on the severity of this deviation.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: color, does not meet this standard.

Movement. Long, easy step indicates the strength and power, back in the movement remains strong, straight and parallel to the ground without perevalivaniya grits or rocking. Front paws with long vymahom should be lowered to the ground under the front part of the muzzle, while the head is pulled forward. Powerful impetus to the hindquarters is balanced with vymahom forelimbs. With increasing speed, the limbs converge under the body closer to the center line of gravity. When moving your elbows and hocks not turned inside or outside or inside

Great Pyrenee

Posted: 10 Apr 2011 03:57 AM PDT

eight small baby Great Pyrenee dogs sleeping on the bed

This is Great Pyrenee dog with white coat, great hunting dog, dog perfect for guard. Long haired dog.

No other breed can boast such a colorful and long history in the service of man, as big Pyrenean dog, Le Grande Chien des Montagnes, Le Chien des Pyrenees, or, as she is known in England and on the European continent, the Pyrenean mountain dog.
This is a breed of French nobility and royal court, the breed of peasant shepherds who worked on the high slopes of the Pyrenees. Her remains are found in archaeological strata belonging to the Bronze Age, which dates back about her appearance in Europe 1800 – 1000 years BC. er., although there is speculation that a large Pyrenean came here much earlier – along with the migration of Aryan tribes into Europe from Central Asia or Siberia.
I also think that a big Pyrenean dog – a descendant of the mastiff, whose remains are found in the oldest archaeological layers of the Baltic and North Seas, indicating the existence of the domestic dog. Images like the dog is in the works of Babylonian art relating to the end of the third millennium BC. er.
Appearing in Europe, most Pyrenean dog, staying in the seclusion of the highlands before the onset of the Middle Ages, under the influence of climatic conditions has evolved to the modern type. Her images have been found near the Royal Arms in relief of Carcassonne, made 500 years before in the XVII century the breed was recognized in the royal court. Back in 1407 historian Burde, describing the security lock of Lords, wrote that along with armed soldiers guard suffered heavy Pyrenean dogs, which have a special place in the sentry boxes, and they are also accompanied by prison guards of the castle during their daily rounds. Their use for these purposes has become widespread in every big castle could be seen Pyrenean mountain dogs.
In 1675 while visiting the city Barrezha young heir to the throne of France, accompanied by Madame de Maintenon, fell in love with the beautiful Patou (common name for a shepherd dogs) and insisted to take him to the Louvre, where they succumbed to the charms of the Marquis de Luvua. Thus assistants shepherds from the Pyrenees were domestic dogs the French nobility. As soon as one big Pyrenean appeared at court, all court immediately wanted to be like a dog and the breed became popular.
However, an innate sense of loyalty, protective instinct and ability to understand the man developed a great Pyrenees dog on an isolated mountain valleys. Where many predators roamed the hillsides, she guarded the herds of sheep. Most Pyrenean had acute instincts and vision have been indispensable shepherd – it was believed that the protection is worth two people

Puppy and adult Great Pyrenee dogs, long haired dogs, hunting dogs

Great Pyrenee baby dog with his father dog

Nature defended her long, thick hair, so it almost invulnerable to attack, except for two points – the chin, and skull base. A man armed its broad iron collar with spikes chetyrehsantimetrovymi and Pyrenean dog became invincible enemy of wolves and bears, won deserved fame. She even began to call the Iberian wolfhound, the Iberian wolf hound and Pyrenean bear hound.
The first settlers – the fishermen of Newfoundland – have made the best choice, taking this particular breed. By 1662, when the first permanent settlement, a large Pyrenean dog was named a reliable defender and a true friend. Here it crossed the black English retriever, brought by British settlers, and the result was a Newfoundland.
Starotipny Landseer with black and white fur was closer to the Pyrenees dog, than the modern black Newfoundland dog, although both are very similar to each other.
With the disappearance of predators in the Pyrenees breed, it seemed, was doomed to extinction. But it became so popular in Europe, that the dogs in large quantities were exported from France. Also thanks to the efforts of some French breeders and the fact that in winter this species used on the farm (when there was no grazing on the slopes), the number of dogs has increased so much that today they are again obzhili their native habitats.
Most of the Pyrenees, is often called “Matt» (mat-dogs) – «dog-pad” for her habit of lying under doors, farm house, when she’s not busy at work, for example, carries no truck with the cargo.
Most Pyrenean dog was generally recognized only after in 1933 it recognized the American Kennel Club. Hard to believe that even in 1824, General Lafayette had brought a couple of dogs as a gift to his friend JC Skinner. “He said that they have established themselves as invaluable assistants sheep in all areas where the sheep attacked by wolves and feral dogs,” – says Mr. Skinner, in his book “The Dog and Hunter.
After that, in America several times brought some dogs, but only after 1933 began their current breeding. Today, most Pyrenean dog is one of the first places in the AKC stud book.
The more this dog looks like a brown bear, except the white color and hanging ears, the closer it is to the preferred type. It is unlikely that will be found a more vivid and colorful species, and its aptly nicknamed “revived snowbank Pyrenees. First of all, guard and companion, pireneets can be a great hunter. She was pleased to pull carts loaded with, and knowledge of the dangerous places in the deep snow, making it an ideal pet for a pack work and guide to the ski trips. During the First World War it was used specifically as a beast of burden, for many years in the same way she bore smuggled goods on the Franco-Spanish border, by choosing the path that has not passed a man, and successfully avoiding customs.
Because of its beauty big Pyrenean dog may act in films and has starred in several French films

Cute Great Pyrenee puppies playing together in the park, puppies, breed dogs

Five Great Pyrenee puppies

Most Pyrenean dog. Official Standard
Approved June 12, 1990

General view. Most Pyrenean dog immediately gives the impression of elegance and unsurpassed beauty combined with great size and majesty. She has a pure white or predominantly white coat, on which there are patches of gray or various shades of yellowish-brown.
She has a keen mind, good-natured, but at the same time, regal look. Elegant in the rack and move it firmly and harmoniously proportioned, demonstrating that has been created for the hard work – protection of herds under any weather conditions on the steep slopes of the Pyrenees.

Height, weight, proportion, composition. Height and weight: height at withers: Males-68.5 – 81 cm, females – 63.5 – 73.5 cm Male with the height at withers is 68.5 cm weighs 45.5 kg and the female with height at the withers 63 , 5 cm, weighs 38.5 kg. Weight should correspond to growth and the addition of the dog. Proportions: Dog harmoniously proportioned, height at withers slightly smaller body length (measured from humeroscapular joint to point of buttock), so the format is somewhat stretched. Angulation fore and hind limbs are well balanced. Addition of a strong, although the coat can be misleading. Strong bones and muscles are well developed enough to balance the structure and correspond to the height, weight, and the impression of elegance, which leaves the dog.
Faults: Height at the withers less than the lower limit and higher than the top, tough, solid or light bones.

Head. Correct head size and expression of the eyes is very important for the breed. Head is not too heavy in relation to the body, wedge-shaped with a rounded skull. Expression of the eyes and elegant, intelligent and thoughtful. Eyes of medium size, almond shaped, set slightly obliquely, thick dark-brown color. Eyelids close fitting, with black edges. Ears are small to medium size, in the form of an equilateral triangle with rounded ends, set at the line of the eye (usually low), closer to the neck, and fit snugly to the head. A characteristic feature is the convergence of the front of the hair above and below, forming a line from the outer corner of the eye to the base of the ears. Skull and muzzle: length of muzzle is approximately equal to the length of the skull. The length and width of the skull are approximately equal. The transition from forehead to muzzle smooth. Cheeks flat, well filled under eyes. Between the eyes is a small depression in the ground. Brow ridges are not pronounced. Lips dry, tight, upper lip slightly covers the lower part. The lower jaw is strong. Nose and lips black. Teeth: scissor bite, but is allowed and direct. It is often of delayed ago, the lower central incisors.
Vices: too massive head (similar to St. Bernard or Newfoundland); too narrow or small skull, “foxy” head, a sharp transition from forehead to muzzle; incomplete pigmentation of the nose, the edges of the eyelids or lips, round, triangular, small or rough eyes, undershot , undershot, wry jaw.

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