Thursday, February 24, 2011

How Honey Bee Farming?

Posted: 24 Feb 2011 08:25 PM PST

1dark honey bee hemberger 01 How Honey Bee Farming?

There are various types of honey bees are worth conducting. Among bees the type of forest bees (Apis dorsata), local bee (Apis Cerana), and superior bee (Apis mellifera). Bees superior, as the name implies, the preferred market. This type is more productive than the local bees, as well as more benign. Toxins in the bee sting is very suitable for the treatment of various diseases. Bees are cultivated by most farmers in the world originally came from mainland Europe.

In raising the capital required is basic knowledge of honey bees in honey bee breeding, fixed capital investment required in the honey bee farming activities during several periods of harvesting, including the means of production and honey bee colony is ideally at least 40 boxes 100 boxes of honey bee colonies.

Selection of type of superior seeds Honey Bees

The characteristics of super quality seed honey bees:

  • Queen bees have a good physical and aged between 3 months to 1 year
  • The amount and quality of eggs produced by Queen bee many
  • Yields better results more honey, bee pollen, royal jelly and propolis
  • Bee larvae produced more fresh
  • Bees are usually more aggressive

2dark honey bee hemberger 02 How Honey Bee Farming?

Honey bee colonies reproduce

Raising honey bees to produce the optimum benefits of honey a beekeeper should have a minimum of 100 boxes of honey bee colonies. Measures to increase the number of honey bee colonies:

Pastored bee honey on the location of available feed quite a lot. With the availability of adequate food, the queen bee will produce more eggs and worker bees also harder to make new nests.

  • Prepare candidates for queen honey bees to be placed in a new honey bee colony.
  • Separating the honey bee colonies that have been crowded into a box of honey bee colonies placed new and prospective new queen bee or other ready-made queen.

Make prospective Queen Bees

  1. Take the honey bee larvae newly hatched 1 day old
  2. Enter into a single piece frame Royal jelly
  3. Frame Royal jelly is already filled with honey bee larvae in place of the super box (the box containing the honey bee honey bee colonies at least 2 levels)
  4. Bulkhead / separate the super box with the queen bee honey bees are in the box below and frames royal jelly honey bee queen candidates placed on the box top. So the queen honey bees do not get near the candidate honey bee queens.
  5. Let stand for 11 days until the prospective queen bees pupate.
  6. After eleven days Calin queen bee moved to the besisi box without any queen bee colonies.
  7. 13 days prospective queen bee out of their cocoons and immediately appointed as queen bee of the bee colony
  8. Usually after a week the queen bee is ready to mate and develop new colonies of bees which are occupied.

3dark honey bee hemberger 03 How Honey Bee Farming?

Honey Bee Farming Equipment:

  1. Bee box, place the honey bee colony is made of wood or Mahogany Suren
  2. Tools to create smoke, to tame an aggressive honey bees
  3. Protective mask of honey bee attack
  4. Levers comb
  5. Brush comb honey bee
  6. Comb made of wood frame and wire in the middle given as backing the basis of honey bee hives
  7. Pollen Trap for harvesting Bee Pollen
  8. Frame Royal Jelly Royal jelly is to harvest and make prospective Queen Bees
  9. Extraktor to harvest honey

Grazing Honey Bees

Between the months of May through September is the period where the herding bees beekeeping honey into plantations which provide quite a lot of honey bee forage.

Honey beekeepers on the island of Java generally herding bees to honey Rubber plantation, Kapok, Rambutan, Longan, Mango, Coffee and Duwet. Honey is produced based on the specification so that the types of flowers.

Between May and September this hinga time in which to enjoy the sweetness of honey beekeepers income from honey bees like honey from different types of flowers, Bee pollen and Royal jelly.

4dark honey bee hemberger 04 How Honey Bee Farming?

After September of honey beekeepers experienced periods of famine, where the honey season is over. To cover the cost of care honey bees usually ranchers herding bees to the plantation of corn, here the honey bee breeders can produce corn Bee pollen and Royal jelly.

The usual constraints faced Honey Bee Breeders:

1. Natural factors (weather):

In 2007 many honeybee breeders out of business akaibat erratic weather. Some sample calculations beekeepers usually harvest honey previous year kelengkeng around September. With these assumptions beekeepers honey bees will tend to a specific area but due to erratic weather turns kelengkeng failed flowering trees.

Farmers who had already brought colonies of bees to the area would be a big loss in addition to the cost of expensive tarnsportasi too many bees are dying of hunger.

2. Community Environment

Communities that many regard as a pest of honey beekeepers plants. So most people will drive out the honey beekeepers who go into areas of plantation. Or if it is authorized to lease land as a place to raise bees are very expensive.

This is very different from the honey bee breeders overseas. beekeepers in fact, in looking for help pollination estate and paid for helping improve agricultural production.
Conditions to be successful in this business enough to gain knowledge and apply knowledge about the life of a bee colony. For example, the ideal temperature suitable for the bee is about 26 degrees C, at this temperature the bees can work normally. Temperatures above 10 degrees C the bees still indulge. On the slopes of the mountains / highlands normal temperature (25 degrees C). The preferred location of bees is an open place, away from the crowds and there are many flowers as their feed

5dark honey bee hemberger 05 How Honey Bee Farming?

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