Wednesday, April 6, 2011

Java Perenjak

Posted: 06 Apr 2011 10:24 AM PDT

1ciblek small bird with powerful voice 01 Java Perenjak

The term “ciblèk” is also used in areas of Yogyakarta and Central Java as a nickname for underage prostitutes (ABG).

Perenjak Java or also known by the name ciblek is a kind of babbler bird of the tribe Cisticolidae (in many books still included in the tribe Sylviidae). In English, this bird is known as the Bar-winged Prinia, referring to the two white lines on each wing. Prinia familiaris is the scientific name Horsfield, 1821.


Slender little bird, with a total length (measured from tip of beak to tip of tail) approximately 13 cm. Almost the entire side of the body is brown-olive green. Throat and white chest, belly and rump yellowish. Side of the chest and thighs grayish. Typical wing with two white lines, and a long tail with black tip and white.

Long pointed beak, the upper and lower black colored yellow. Legs slender and fragile reddish brown or pink.

Habits and distribution

Birds are busy and lively, often encountered in the open or bersemak area in the garden, yard, field edge, secondary forest, down to the mangroves. Also often observed in the tea plantations. Two or three tails, or more, often seen chasing each other while looking for food among the bushes, as he rang loud-noise-cwuit cwuit-cwuit .. ciblek-ciblek-ciblek-ciblek .. ! Thin tail that is moved upward when singing.

Seek prey in the form of various insects and caterpillars, perenjak java hunt started from ground to canopy trees. This bird makes its nest in the grass or bushes to a height of about 1.5 m above the ground. Small ball-shaped nest woven from grasses and plant fibers.

Perenjak Java is a bird endemic (limited spread) in the area of ​​Sumatra, Java and Bali. In Sumatra, not infrequently to a height of 900 m asl, while in Java and Bali generally to a height of 1,500 m above sea level.

2ciblek small bird with powerful voice 021 Java Perenjak

Threats and conservation

Before the 1990s, these birds have practically no economic value, so much left free and wilder as well as sparrows and finches. It is easily adaptable and not afraid of the human causes of bird population is quite high in the appropriate areas.

After those years, the bird was hunted many people to be traded, especially in Java. Moreover, these birds easily found in the plantation and features easy to tame. Jinaknya nature makes it easily captured in a way that is lured to use the help of a mirror in the cage. Birds are attracted to his own image would be trapped in the cage.

Another way is to install a hook or knitting in the vicinity of its nest, or with resin traps (sticky rice) on his sleeping places at night. The bird catcher skilled, in fact, often only with a flashlight, caution and speed of hand catch birds sleep at night.

Unfortunately this bird easy to stress and die in captivity, especially if the arrested is an adult bird. Not to mention if pemeliharanya inexperienced. But this seems not discourage bird catchers to continue hunting. Until now, this bird has not been successfully bred in tangkaran. Bird enthusiasts are still dependent on catches from the wild.

Over-exploitation is immediately visible consequences. In certain areas such as on the outskirts of Jakarta and Bogor, now as ‘out of stock’ but before the 90′s this bird is still abundant. Java Perenjak more rarely seen in gardens, and the present limited in certain places that are still near the forest.

In the maintenance of these birds usually are often given food such Kroto (weaver ant larvae and children), caterpillar hongkong, and pellets (voer).

4ciblek small bird with powerful voice 04 Java Perenjak

Sex Differentiation

Males are distinguished from females by a larger body size and active chirp. Longer tail and wings darker color.

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